Samuel Adams was a well-known American patriot, who led the resistance movement against British policy prior to the American Revolution. He was a powerful revolutionist that mixed his political views with morality. In the following paper I aim to prove that Samuel Adams was the most influential political leader in colonial America, in which guided our country towards independence. The term paper will be divided into two sections. In the first section I will present some events of Samuel Adams’ life as described in two encyclopedia articles, A1 and A2. The second part of the paper will describe certain aspects of Samuel Adams’ life as read in chapters 2 and 3 of the biography entitled Samuel Adams; Father of the American Revolution by Mark Puls.
Samuel Adams was born on September 27, 1722 in Boston, Massachusetts. He grew up in a strong, moral and intellectual family who had a strong belief in the church and valued education above all else. Interest in politics ran in the Adams family as well. His father, Deacon Samuel Adams was the founder of Boston’s Caucus Club, which was made up of working class people who would meet to discuss political views. As a child growing up listening to these meetings, Samuel Adams had showed interest in the government. Because the family was very religious as well, it was expected of Sam to one day become a minister. Spending his childhood devoted to religion and the church, he believed that he would turn out to be one as well. (A1, A2)
At the age of fourteen, Sam Adams enrolled in Harvard University. There he studied Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, philosophy, science, writing and public speaking. He seemed to enjoy writing and philosophy the most. John Locke was his favorite philosopher and he took much interest in his writings. Locke believed that the government did not have the right to tax people without the consent of the people through their elected representatives. "Whenever the power that is put in any hands for the government of the people, and the protection of our properties, is applied to other ends, and made use of to impoverish, harass or subdue them to the arbitrary and irregular commands of those that have it; there it presently becomes tyranny, whether those that thus use it are one or many". (Locke, Second Treatise, Chapter 18) Adams studied these ideas nonstop, ultimately influencing and shaping his political views. (A2)
Samuel Adams was different from other scholars, he was not interested in power, business or materialistic things. He took interest in the civil liberties of his fellow men. At the age of the seventeen, Adams graduated from Harvard University. However he decided to continue with school to earn his master’s degree, which he received in 1743. While in graduate school, Adam’s father decided to start a Land Bank. Since this was during time of the Currency Act, he tried to issue paper currency as a plan to help the struggling colonists. However, not everyone agreed with this. The upper class of Boston requested the British Parliament took action. The bank resulted in being shut down, leaving the Adams in poor economic condition. Worried for his family, Sam Adams wanted to drop out of school so he could help them out. His family wouldn’t hear of it, so instead he starting working throughout college. Adams disagreed with Parliament’s decision entirely and thought the British had violated the rights of a man to retain his own property. Although he was brought up to be a minister, he found his calling in politics and civil liberties. (A2)
At the beginning of his political career, Sam Adams became a tax collector in Boston for a number of years. He soon became a member of the Caucus Club and was elected to the Massachusetts assembly’s the Great and General Court. Adams helped control local elections and participated in the town meetings. He was active in many of other organizations among Boston as well, such as the Loyal Nine, the North End Caucus and the Sons of...
Bibliography: Puls, Mark. Samuel Adams Father of the American Revolution. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
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