Rural Employment Strategies for India

Good Essays
The unprecedented commitment of the present Government of India to seriously address the need for employment generation is a propitious opportunity to implement strategies for generating full employment in the country. This report, which builds upon work done by the International Commission on Peace & Food in the early 1990s, confirms the potential to generate sufficient employment opportunities for all new entrants to the workforce as well as to absorb the current numbers of unemployed and underemployed. It includes strategies and policy recommendations designed to maximize the effectiveness of the Government's recently proposed initiatives for employment generation and rural prosperity. Implementation of these recommendations will be sufficient to generate 100 million additional employment and self-employment opportunities.
While many formal studies have been prepared to assess the growth and employment potential in India' formal private sector, less attention has been given to the conditions and strategies to promote rapid expansion and job creation in the rural and informal sectors. This report focuses on strategies to increase employment opportunities in India's informal sector, with emphasis on agriculture, agro-industry, rural services and related vocations. The report consists of three parts: an overview of employment in India, a business plan containing specific recommendations for implement¬ation, and a detailed discussion of employment opportunities and strategies in agriculture.
The major findings and recommendations can be summarized as follows:
1. The Indian economy is already generating approximately seven million employment and self-employment opportunities per annum, almost all of them in the informal sector, but in there is a serious lack of accurate information on the types and numbers of these jobs. The most effective strategy for employment generation will be to provide the missing links and policy measures needed to accelerate this

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Skilled workers at the grass root level, currently in the unorganized and unbenchmarked sectors like, construction, agriculture and related trades. This segment is mainly comprised of school dropouts with no employable skills. The majority of Indian population is covered under this category; hence the Skills Development Initiatives special focus.…

    • 4453 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    opportunities that have emerged as a result of a recently liberalised India. Due to “large and…

    • 4039 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The rural population constitutes a major segment in India. The livelihood strategies of this vast segment depend primarily on agriculture and allied activities. Growth in this agriculture sector has shown a declining trend during the last one decade. This has made a huge impact on the domestic production, employment, etc. These problems can be tackled, to a certain extent, by developing entrepreneurship in Rural India. This dissertation is concerned with the distinctive challenges and opportunities of developing entrepreneurship in rural locations, and also provides the necessary suggestions that can be used in this context.…

    • 3617 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Rural Development in India

    • 1416 Words
    • 6 Pages

    India has been a welfare state ever since her Independence and the primary objective of all governmental endeavors has been the welfare of its millions. Planning has been one of the pillars of the Indian policy since independence and the country’s strength is derived from the achievement of planning. The policies and programmes have been designed with the aim of alleviation of rural poverty which has been one of the primary objectives of planned development in India. It was realized that a sustainable strategy of poverty alleviation has to be based on increasing the productive employment opportunities in the process of growth itself. Elimination of poverty, ignorance, diseases and inequality of opportunities and providing a better and higher quality of life were the basic premises upon which all the plans and blue-prints of development were built.…

    • 1416 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Paint Industry Analysis

    • 1345 Words
    • 6 Pages

    * The current Indian population is 1.1 billion and it is expected to be at 1.53 billion by 2030 surpassing China and become the world’s most populated nation [Ref 3], which would result in cheap labour force.…

    • 1345 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    <p>Informal sector plays an important role in urban poverty alleviation through creating jobs and reducing unemployment. It serves as a breeding ground for new entrepreneurs, and contributes for the reduction of urban crime and violence. This study is aimed at assessing the role of informal sector in solving unemployment and alleviating poverty. Primary data are gathered from a sample of 450 informal sector operators in Hawassa city. Ordinary logistic regression is used to determine the factors that can contribute to the livelihood improvement of the operators. Consequently, lack of working capital, working premises, adequate market, and raw materials are found to be the major impediments for informal sector operators. Nearly, nine out of ten operators have witnessed that their livelihood improved after they joined the sectors. Those operators who are more educated, younger, females, more profitable, stayed longer in the activity, natives to the city, and have a culture of saving, have depicted better livelihood improvement vis-a-vis their counterparts. Given the immense contribution that the sector has, therefore, the government needs to consider the sector as one of the fundamental pillar to combat poverty reduction. Thus, the operators should be encouraged to join the formal sector by lessening the bureaucracy to get license, minimizing entry cost such as lowering registration or licensing cost, and providing tax-holidays for sometimes</p>…

    • 457 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Topic: Bridging the inequality gap in women in agriculture. Development, food security and poverty alleviation will only be achieved through agricultural growth. Women farmers continue to being marginalised members of the rural development community.…

    • 1818 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    India Shining

    • 387 Words
    • 2 Pages

    There has been a lot of talk about the opportunity divide in India. This Opportunity Divide is that by the year 2022, 800 million people will be in the working age group but out of these only 200 million will be graduates while the remaining will be in the unskilled group. According to research done by NSDC, between the year 2008 and 2022, 347 million jobs will be created across 22 different high growth sectors in India. For example, the jobs available in the construction industry will be about 33 million, in the auto industry about 35 million, in infrastructure 103 million and in retail about 14 million jobs will be available.…

    • 387 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    We already have over a billion fellow Indians. Within the next 20 years, we will have 400 million people below the age of 35 years – more than the entire population of the United States! Each person, in this bold new generation, will be in the prime of his or her life, striving for a better tomorrow – creating, in the process, new growth opportunities, for budding entrepreneurs!…

    • 2781 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    – Agriculture’s share in overall GDP is going down, but, India still lives in her villages.…

    • 1491 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    India lags behind the first world countries and some of its new world counterparts in the organized sector. An average Indian is widely believed to be a risk-averse individual and this tendency has traditionally led a huge section of skilled and semi skilled population of the country to look for a secure ‘naukri'(Job). However, this has primarily been an urban phenomenon. Some facts can help clear the picture.…

    • 682 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Labour Welfare

    • 6561 Words
    • 27 Pages

    In this developing country which is predominantly agrarian, the role of the industrial sector cannot be underestimated. A potential and diversified industrial sector can ignite and accelerate economic growth. Over the years with the rapid industrialization of India, a massive organization sector employing a layer workforce has come to occupy an important and visible part of the countries economic life. The industrial progress of a country layely depends on the efficiency of employee.…

    • 6561 Words
    • 27 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Art and craft play a vital role in generating employment which has been one of the important objectives of development planning in India. Research says 72.2% of the total population of India lives in some 638,000 villages in compare to the rest 27.8% in about 5,480 towns and urban agglomeration. President APJ Abdul Kalam has said that employment generation, particularly in rural areas, is very essential for increasing the growth rate from the current 8% to 10% and maintaining it for a decade (New Delhi, Jan 12: The Financial Express.)…

    • 3983 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The rural entrepreneurial ventures play a vital role in providing employment and income for the poor and unemployed in rural areas. As the population pressure grows in the land-scarce and developing countries like India, the growth in the agricultural production cannot absorb the ever increasing rural labour force in agricultural employment. This leaves the rural non-farm sector in the form of rural SMEs (small and medium entrepreneurial ventures) to absorb those released from agriculture but not absorbed in the urban industries. Contributing more than 52% of the GDP and making available more than 75% of all labour force in India the rural sector is best poised for a rapid expansion in the small and medium industry arena. The policy makers and executors have to find scope and space in the farm based entrepreneurial ventures to address to the daunting problem of unemployment in the country. The experiences of the people involved in such ventures needs to be cashed and used to make shift in the policy paradigm in the given context.…

    • 2384 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Unemployment in India

    • 1843 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Overview Economic reforms may have given a boost to industrial productivity and brought in foreign investment in capital intensive areas. But the boom has not created jobs. This was not unexpected. According to a report by the Washington-based Institute of Policy Studies (IPS), the combined sales of the world's top 200 MNCs is now greater than the combined GDP of all but the world's nine largest national economies. Yet, the total direct employment generated by these multinationals is a mere 18.8 millions -one-hundredth of one per cent of the global workforce. India's Ninth Five-Year Plan projects generation of 54 million new jobs during the Plan period (1997-2002). But performance has always fallen short of target in the past, and few believe that the current Plan will be able to meet its target. India's labour force is growing at a rate of 2.5 per cent annually, but employment is growing at only 2.3 per cent. Thus, the country is faced with the challenge of not only absorbing new entrants to the job market (estimated at seven million people every year), but also clearing the backlog. Sixty per cent of India's workforce is self-employed, many of whom remain very poor. Nearly 30 per cent are casual workers (i.e. they work only when they are able to get jobs and remain unpaid for the rest of the days). Only about 10 per cent are regular employees, of which two-fifths are employed by the public sector. More than 90 per cent of the labour force is employed in the "unorganised sector",…

    • 1843 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays

Related Topics