Rotary in Syria
Syria, officially Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: ,)اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴ ﺔ اﻟﺴ ﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳ ﺔis a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. The name Syria formerly comprised the entire region of the Levant, while the modern state encompasses the site of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the third millennium BC. In the Islamic era, its capital city, Damascus, was the seat of the Umayyad Empire and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Empire. Damascus is widely regarded as one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world1. Modern Syria was created as a French mandate and attained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was rocky, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949-1970. Syria has been under Emergency Law since 1962. Rotary clubs started in Syria in the late thirties of the twentieth century. In the year 1936/1937, Clare Martin Area manager of Shell Oil Company, first 2District Governor of District 83, later a Director of Rotary International was well involved in chartering a number of the Rotary Clubs the District. Members of Beirut Rotary club were interested to organizing clubs in Damascus and Aleppo3. In April, 19384 Rotary International president Maurice DuPerrey after attended the District 83 Conference in Beirut; He was honored with Lebanese Medal of Merit. Then he went to Damascus and presented the Charter to the Rotary club of Damascus in Syria, the first Rotary Club in the world to conduct its meeting in the Arabic language.5 He also contacted prospective Rotarians from Baghdad, but seems unsuccessful as the first club in Iraq was chartered after 18 years. In Syria, Rotary International president was honored with the Grand Cordon of the Syrian Order of Merit. Few names...
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