Romeo and Juliet Outline

Topics: Romeo and Juliet, Characters in Romeo and Juliet, Mercutio Pages: 9 (3366 words) Published: October 19, 2014
Romeo and Juliet Outline

I. Terms to Know with Examples
A. Aside
1. Def: A short speech delivered by an actor in a play (is directed to the audience and is presumed to be inaudible to the other actors) 2. Ex: Romeo: “(aside) She speaks.O, speak again, bright angel! … When he bestrides the lazy-puffing clouds And sails upon the bosom of the air.” B. Blank Verse

1. Def: Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter lines
2. Ex: Prince: “Rebellious subjects, enemies to peace, … Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace” C. Comic Relief
1. Def: A technique that is used to interrupt a serious part of a literary work by introducing a humorous character or situation 2. Ex: Any scene with Nurse or Mercutio.
D. Couplet
1. Def: A pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same length and meter 2. Ex: Lady Montague: “O, where is Romeo? Saw you him to-day? - Right glad I am he was not at this fray.” E. Dramatic Foil
1. Def: A character who highlights or brings out the personality traits of another character in a play because of contrasting characteristics 2. Ex: Scene with easy-going, jovial Mercutio and the serious Romeo. F. Dramatic Irony

1. Def: A contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows to be true 2. Ex: Knowing that Romeo and Juliet will kill themselves.
G. End-Stopped Line
1. Def: A metrical line ending at a grammatical boundary or break—such as a dash or closing parenthesis—or with punctuation such as a colon, a semicolon, or a period 2. Ex: Benvolio: “Here were the servants of your adversary, - And yours, close fighting ere I did approach.” H. Extended Metaphor

1. Def: A writer speaks or writes of a subject as though it were something else 2. Ex: Romeo: "Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, having some business, do entreat her eyes to twinkle in their spheres till they return. What if her eyes were there, they in her head? The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars as daylight doth a lamp. Her eye in heaven.” I. Foreboding

1. Def: A prediction; portent.
2. Ex: Chorus: “A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life.” J. Foreshadowing
1. Def:The use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur 2. Ex: Prince: "Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace" K. Iambic Pentameter
1. Def: A verse written in five foot lines with one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable 2. Ex: The Chorus singing in the prologue.
L. Monologue
1. Def: A speech by one character in a play, story, or poem
2. Ex: Juliet: “Shall I speak ill of him that is my husband? - In that word's death; no words can that woe sound.” M. Paraphrasing
1. Def: Express the meaning of (something written or spoken) using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity 2. Ex: When Capulet find’s his daughter. Capulet: “Ha! let me see her: out, alas! she's cold: Her blood is settled, and her joints more.” N. Prose

1. Def: The ordinary form of written language
2. Ex: The lower class people and servants when they speak.
O. Pun
1. Def: A play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings 2. Ex: Romeo: “Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes. - With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead - So stakes me to the ground I cannot move.” P. Soliloquy

1. Def: A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage 2. Ex: But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? - Oh, that I were a glove upon that hand - That I might touch that cheek! Q. Turning Point

1. Def: A moment when the course of events is changed
2. Ex: Act 3 Scene 1 is the turning point of the play.
R. Round Character
1. Def: A character in fiction whose personality, background, motives, and other features are fully delineated by the author 2. Ex: Romeo and Juliet
S. Flat Character
1. Def: An easily recognized character type in fiction who may...
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