Role of technology on behaviour of employees
The effect of development of tools and technology on the evolution of human activity has long been a major concern for researchers of social behaviour. Marx one of the founding fathers of sociology in his works clearly made a connection between the advent of technology and its impact on production. He clearly viewed technology as a key factor that led to development of the productive means and emphasized it importance in shaping socio-economic structure (Mishra, 1979). According to Marx, the identity of the dominant or ruling class was determined by their ability to best muster the development of technology. Furthermore even in neo-classical economics, technological progress is regarded as the driving force behind economic growth (Chennells and Reenen). This notion has been further strengthened by endogenous growth theory which states that in order to sustain a positive growth rate of output per capita in the long run, there must be continual advances in technological knowledge (Aghion and Howitt, 1998). Hence given its role in economic growth a common deduction that people can make is that technical progress leads to higher efficiency of employees and hence eventually leads to higher standard of living. However there are two sides to a coin and technological progress and environment can have both positive and negative impact on the behavior of employees.
The impacts are dependent on the sector the technological environment is introduced into and the nature of work of the employee in any institution. While there are multiple benefits there is always a flipside to the benefit.
Technological environment increases the competence of an employee and often reduces workload. It helps reduce unproductive hours by increasing an employee’s efficiency. It helps an employee carry out long drawn processes in lesser time and hence saves time which can be invested in other activities. For example new
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