Radio frequency identification (RFID)
According to Violino (2005), radio frequency identification (RFID) is a system that able to transmit the identity of a product or person through accessing the form of a unique serial number wirelessly by using radio waves. In addition, radio frequency identification (RFID) technology has to work together with RFID tag and RFID reader to complete the data collection process, RFID tag consists of microchips that able to store as much as two kilobytes of data which attached to a radio antenna mounted on a substrate while RFID reader is a device that contains one or more antennas that release radio waves and receive signals back from tag then RFID reader is needed to retrieve the data stored on RFID tag and transferring the information in digital form to a computer system (Violino 2005).The integration of data enable the information such as the precise location and inventory level of products share between supplier and customers has definitely speed up the entire supply chain process.
By adopting the radio frequency identification (RFID) technology, logistics and supply chain companies able to seize the opportunity and optimize logistics and supply chain network through visibility of products in process from point of origin to point of consumption. It is because Myerson (2006) believes that radio frequency identification (RFID) technology able to resolve tracking problem in more effective and faster way. Moreover, RFID also can be explained as the advanced and transition role of barcode technology, although both barcode and radio frequency identification (RFID) technology have the similar primary principle of reduce the manual works and time needed for data entry and achieve high data accuracy and reliability. However, radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is still regard as more effective due to barcode system requires a labour to scan the label or tag manually to capture data but radio frequency...
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