Reservation in India for Foodgrains

Topics: Price, Government, Food security Pages: 109 (30332 words) Published: August 25, 2013
aPublic Distribution System of Essential Commodities as a Social Safety Net A Study of the District of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

Final Report

Submitted by
Bhaskar Majumder

To Planning Commission Government of India New Delhi

G ovind B allabh P ant S ocial S cience Institute
Jhusi, Allahabad
Phone: 667214, Fax: 667207 E-mail:


Chapter Contents Research Team Preface Location Map List of Boxes List of Tables List of Figures Executive Summary Chapter One: Public Distribution System in India: The Strengths and the Weaknesses Public Distribution System in India: The Evolution Public Distribution System in the District of Allahabad: Background, Coverage, and Methodology Public Distribution System in the District of Allahabad: The Facts Public Distribution System in the District of Allahabad: Major Observations and Suggestions Recommendations

ii-iii iv v vi vii viii-x xi xii-xvii 1-6

Chapter Two: Chapter Three: Chapter Four:

7-17 18-38 39-112

Chapter Five:


Chapter Six: References Appendix:

123-129 130-131




Chapter Contents
Chapter One 1.1 1.2.1 1.2.2 1.3 Introduction Public Distribution System: The Rationale Prices, Poverty, and Public Distribution System Arguments against Government Intervention in the Foodgrains Market 1-6 1 1 4 5

Chapter Two 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8.1 2.8.2 Introduction The History behind the Introduction of PDS in India Revamped Public Distribution System: Some Features Food Stocks, Allocation, and Off-Take: Purpose and Position Release of Surplus Stocks through Non-FPS Measures Quality of Items in PDS Targeted Public Distribution System: Features and Rationale Subsidy on Essential Commodities Distributed through the PDS Subsidy on Sugar

7-17 7 7 9 10 13 13 14 15 16

Chapter Three 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Background Objectives of the Study Coverage and Methodology Sample District Profile Public Distribution System: Profile of the District of Allahabad Allotment and Lifting of Items in PDS, District Allahabad 1998-2001

18-38 18 21 21 29 33 38

Chapter Four 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Profile of Sample Households Profile of Households in the Sample Profile of Population in the Sample Distribution of Sample Households in Terms of Location of FPSs, Number of FPSs at Village Level, and Holding Pattern of Ration Cards and Distribution of Units Gap Between Requirement and Distribution of Items Per Period, and Gap Between Market Price and FPS Price of Items at District Level Item-wise Gap by Quantity Distributed to Households at Block Level Item-wise Price Differential between Open Market and FPSs at Block Level

39-112 39 43 49 53

4.5 4.5.1 4.5.2

57 62 65


4.6 4.7 4.7.1 4.7.2 4.8 4.9.1 4.9.2 4.10 4.11.1 4.11.2 4.12 4.13 4.14.1 4.14.2 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20

Required Expenditure by Households on Essential Commodities (At both Market Price and FPS Price) Regularity in Purchasing Items from FPSs Reasons for Non-Regular Purchase of Rice, Wheat and Sugar from FPSs Regularity in Consumption of Sugar by Households and its Fulfillment by Purchase from FPSs Required Quantity of Kerosene Per Period: Sufficiency in Supplying through the FPSs and Supporting Non-FPS Sources Distribution of Rice and Wheat by Quantity: The Extent of Satisfaction of the Households Distribution of Sugar and Kerosene: The Extent of Satisfaction of the Households Awareness of the Households Response of the Households Regarding Withdrawal of Sugar from the PDS Response of the Households Regarding Withdrawal of Kerosene from the PDS Response of the Households to the Question of Confinement of PDS to Rice and Wheat Only Response of the Households to the Question of Requirement of Kerosene from PDS in Case of Availability of Electricity Perception of the Households about FPS Dealers Perception of the Households about FPSs in Terms of Scheduled Time Followed in Operating the Shops...
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