Research Work

Topics: Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse, Human sexuality Pages: 38 (12376 words) Published: June 20, 2013

CHAPTER ONE

1.0INTRODUCTION/ BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) also referred to as Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) and Venereal Diseases (VD) are illnesses that have a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of human sexual behaviour including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are infections passed on from one person to another through unprotected sex (sex without a condom) or sometimes through genital contact. (Davis & Weller 2007). Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are infections contacted by intimate as well as sexual contact. Mostly, sexually transmitted infections are easily transmitted through the mucus membrane lining of the penis, vulva, rectum, urinary tract. Sexually Transmitted Infections are infections which affect people of all races, ages, sex most especially the young people (18-25 years). According to d World Health Organisation (WHO, 2005) estimates, 448 million new cases of curable sexually transmitted infections (syphilis, chanchroid) occur annually throughout the world in adults aged 15-49 years, this however excluding HIV and other sexually transmitted infections which continue to adversely affect the lives of individuals and communities worldwide making it rank in the top five diseases categories for which adults seek health care. Sexually Transmitted Infections include HIV/AIDS, chanchroid, gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia, candidiasis, herpes simplex, human papillovirus, viral hepatitis, trichomoniasis to mention a few (Kozier, O & Erb, C. 2005). Etiology of a sexually transmitted infection may be bacterial, viral, protozoan, parasitic or fungal. The current increase in severity and incidence of sexually transmitted infections can be attributed to demographic, lifestyle, indulgence in high risk sexual behaviour and poor health habits such as failure to use condom, drug use and douching increases an individual’s risk of exposure (Crosby, RA & Diclemente RJ. 2004). This study therefore is intended to know the opinion of students of college of education in Ilesha on the use of condom in preventing sexually transmitted infection.

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The researcher detected that the rapid rate of spread of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS among youths is unrecordably high, based on this, this study is designed to seek the opinion of students of college of education on condom use as a preventive measure against sexually transmitted infections.

1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study is set out to achieve the following objectives:
1. to assess the students’ knowledge about sexually transmitted infections 2. to determine the level of condom acceptability and usage among the students of Osun State College of Education, Ilesha. Osun state in southwest Nigeria. 3. to find out which gender of student agreed most to the use of condom as means of protecting and preventing themselves against STIs.

1.3SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Considering most importantly, the UNAIDS (2004) report that Ijesaland is having the highest HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence rate in Osun State. This research is therefore paramount to enhance the scientific findings of the involvement of students of College of Education, Ilesha in sexual risk behaviour and also their views and opinion about condom use as a preventive opinion advocated.

1.4RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Do the students have adequate knowledge about sexually transmitted infections? Do students of Osun State College of Education accept the use of condom as a means of preventing or protecting themselves from being infected? Does gender influences the use of condom as a preventive measure against sexually transmitted infections? 1.5RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

There is no significant difference in the opinion of students of diverse subject orientation on the use of condom. There is no significant...

References: Anne, W., & Allison, G. (2006). Anatomy and Physiology. (10th ed.). London;
Churchill Livingstone.
Basavanthappa. (2009). Medical Surgical Nursing. (2nd ed.). Delhi; Replika press.
Brenda, G.B., & Suzane, C.S. (2011). Brunners and Suddarths textbook of Medical
Surgical Nursing
Cunningham, A.; Donaghy, H.; Harman, A.; Kim, M., & Turville S. (2010).
Davis, K.R., & Weller, S.C. (2005). The effectiveness of condoms in reducing
heterosexual transmission of Sexually Transmitted Infections
Douek, D.C., Roederer, M., & Koup, R.A. (2009). Emerging concept in the
immunopathogenesis of HIV/AIDS
Kozier, O., & Erb, C. (2008). Fundamentals of Nursing. (8th ed.). Upper Saddle river, New
Jersey; Pearson.
Lawn, G. (2004). AIDS in Africa; d impact of co infection on the pathogenesis of HIV
Infection
Lytle, C.D., & Duff, J.E. (2003) A sensitive method for evaluating condom use as
virus barriers
Novak, & Warner, L. (2009). Assessing condom use and practises; Implications for
evaluating method and user effectiveness
Olley B.O and Rotimi O.J (2005); Gender differences in condom use behaviour
among students in a Nigerian university
Owuamanam, J., & Tzeng, W. (2005).Pathologic basis of diseases, (7th ed.). Elseiver,
London; Elseiver Saunders.
Sanders, S.A., Crosby, R.A., and Yarber, W.L. (2002). Condom use errors and
problems among college students
UNAIDS (2004); Report on Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
Weiss, R.A
WHO [World Health Organisation] (2003). Sexually Transmitted Infections amongst
adolescents in the developing world; a review of published data
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Work Essay
  • Work And Energy Essay
  • Work Permit Essay
  • Work Experience Essay
  • Sociology of Work Research Paper
  • Essay on work of leadership
  • Work Teams Essay
  • Work Value Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free