The Relationship Between Eloi and the Morlocks in The Time Machine by H.G. Wells
The Time Machine was inventively written as a social critique of the Victorian Era in 1895 by Herbert George Wells, the father of modern science fiction. Wells used the novel to get the messages across on social and political problems at the time when London was on top of the world. The novel criticized mainly on communism, imperialism, capitalism, as well as Social Darwinism. The Time Machine was an adventurous science fiction novel about a Time Traveler, the inventor of a time machine who traveled to the year 802,701 A.D. In the course of his journey, he saw the degeneration and the separation of mankind through the two evolved species, the Eloi and the Morlocks, in which their relationship and their significance would be explained in this essay.
When the Time Machine landed in the future, the Elois were the first creature that the Time Traveler had come across. Their name was from the imitation of the word "Elite" and they were the evolved upper classes, the protagonist, who lived above the ground. The Elois were described as being beautiful, peaceful, and graceful. They had their own language in which the Time Traveler described as having "a strange and very sweet and liquid tongue," (Wells, 25). The Elois only lived on fruits since other kinds of cattle or animals became extinct after they ate each other. According to the Time Traveler, the Elois were small and weak as if they were suffering from tuberculosis. Even though the Eloi seemed to be careless and fearless during the day, they were afraid of the dark in which they called "Dark Night". Due to this, they had to stay together and sleep in groups especially at night.
Physically, all of the Elois had curly hair, thin red lips, small chin, and big gentle eyes. The sight of the Elois reminded the Time Traveler of communism, which was one of the themes in the novel, since they were all alike. Not only did they have delicate features of human but they were also portrayed as being childlike. "Then in a flash, I perceived that all had the same form of costume, the same soft hairless visage, and the same girlish rotundity of limb," (Wells, 31). Regardless of their physical similarities, the Time Traveler could not distinguish the age and the gender of the Elois since they all looked the same. He believed that this was a result of the world without troubles or fear, in which he criticized.
The theme of degeneration was apparent in this novel especially with the Elois. Not only were they weak and childlike, but they also did not work or study. All they did was to play, sleep, eat, bath, and laugh all day long. The Elois were stupid and lazy. They also could not concentrate for a long period of time and they did not have much interest as seen when the Time Traveler was trying to tell them where he was from or to teach them his language. "You see I had always anticipated that the people of the year Eight Hundred and Two Thousand odd would be incredibly in front of us in knowledge, art, everything. Then one of them suddenly asked me a question that showed him to be on the intellectual level of one of our five-year-old children," (Wells, 26). Not only did the Elois degenerate physically and mentally but they become worse morally as well. This was proven when Weena, the only Eloi with a name, was drowning as she was bathing with her fellow Elois. None of them tried to rescue her even though she was right in front of them.
Weena was the main character of the Eloi. Not only was she the only one with a name, but she was the only one that the Time Traveler got to know. Weena desperately followed the Time Traveler around the places after he rescued her when she was drowning. After the incident, she seemed to be dependent on him and they developed a very special kind of relationship. "For, by merely seeming fond of me, and showing ...
Bibliography: Wells, H.G. "The Time Machine." London: J.M. Dent, 2002
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