Relationship Between Eloi and Morlocks in the Time Machine

Topics: Working class, Time travel, Social class Pages: 7 (2370 words) Published: May 13, 2012
The Relationship Between Eloi and the Morlocks in The Time Machine by H.G. Wells 

The Time Machine was inventively written as a social critique of the  Victorian Era in 1895 by Herbert George Wells, the father of modern  science fiction. Wells used the novel to get the messages across on  social and political problems at the time when London was on top of  the world. The novel criticized mainly on communism, imperialism,  capitalism, as well as Social Darwinism. The Time Machine was an  adventurous science fiction novel about a Time Traveler, the inventor  of a time machine who traveled to the year 802,701 A.D. In the course  of his journey, he saw the degeneration and the separation of mankind  through the two evolved species, the Eloi and the Morlocks, in which  their relationship and their significance would be explained in this  essay. 

When the Time Machine landed in the future, the Elois were the first  creature that the Time Traveler had come across. Their name was from  the imitation of the word "Elite" and they were the evolved upper  classes, the protagonist, who lived above the ground. The Elois were  described as being beautiful, peaceful, and graceful. They had their  own language in which the Time Traveler described as having "a strange  and very sweet and liquid tongue," (Wells, 25). The Elois only lived  on fruits since other kinds of cattle or animals became extinct after  they ate each other. According to the Time Traveler, the Elois were  small and weak as if they were suffering from tuberculosis. Even  though the Eloi seemed to be careless and fearless during the day,  they were afraid of the dark in which they called "Dark Night". Due to  this, they had to stay together and sleep in groups especially at  night. 

Physically, all of the Elois had curly hair, thin red lips, small  chin, and big gentle eyes. The sight of the Elois reminded the Time  Traveler of communism, which was one of the themes in the novel, since  they were all alike. Not only did they have delicate features of human  but they were also portrayed as being childlike. "Then in a flash, I  perceived that all had the same form of costume, the same soft  hairless visage, and the same girlish rotundity of limb," (Wells, 31).  Regardless of their physical similarities, the Time Traveler could not  distinguish the age and the gender of the Elois since they all looked  the same. He believed that this was a result of the world without  troubles or fear, in which he criticized. 

The theme of degeneration was apparent in this novel especially with  the Elois. Not only were they weak and childlike, but they also did  not work or study. All they did was to play, sleep, eat, bath, and  laugh all day long. The Elois were stupid and lazy. They also could  not concentrate for a long period of time and they did not have much  interest as seen when the Time Traveler was trying to tell them where  he was from or to teach them his language. "You see I had always  anticipated that the people of the year Eight Hundred and Two Thousand  odd would be incredibly in front of us in knowledge, art, everything.  Then one of them suddenly asked me a question that showed him to be on  the intellectual level of one of our five-year-old children," (Wells,  26). Not only did the Elois degenerate physically and mentally but  they become worse morally as well. This was proven when Weena, the  only Eloi with a name, was drowning as she was bathing with her fellow  Elois. None of them tried to rescue her even though she was right in  front of them. 

Weena was the main character of the Eloi. Not only was she the only  one with a name, but she was the only one that the Time Traveler got  to know. Weena desperately followed the Time Traveler around the  places after he rescued her when she was drowning. After the incident,  she seemed to be dependent on him and they developed a very special  kind of relationship. "For, by merely seeming fond of me, and showing ...


Bibliography: Wells, H.G. "The Time Machine." London: J.M. Dent, 2002
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