Reconstruction Dbq

Better Essays
From 1865 to 1877, America faced the daunting task of reconstructing a union tattered by a Civil War. The south after the Civil War was in ruins with many of its major cities completely destroyed, its agriculture production at a halt, and the slave labor that economically drove the south freed. Moreover, millions of freedmen were wondering around the south, lost, without an education, money, place to live, or knowledge of how to care for themselves outside of their plantation. Furthermore, Abraham Lincoln, the moderate Republican president of the union and leader of the War in the north who brought America back together was assassinated April 14, 1865, only five days after Southern General, Robert E. Lee surrendered. With Lincoln gone, the …show more content…
The 14th Amendment which was suppose to give blacks full citizenship left room for the Southern government to deny blacks their right to vote. Thus the 15th Amendment had to be proposed and passed giving all male citizens the right to vote, but even so many whites still withheld the ballot from blacks with “various underhanded schemes [such as] literacy tests, unfairly administered by whites to the advantages of illiterate whites” (p. 496). Moreover, though the Supreme Court was left untouched during Reconstruction, when southern delegates were sent to take their seats in congress “on the first day of the congressional session, December 4, 1865, they banged shut Republicans banged shut the door in the face of the newly elected Southern delegations” (p. 488) in fear of losing their advantage in congress. Thus, the democratic ideal of every fraction of American society being represented was broken as the south had no say in congress. Furthermore, in the Northern Republican’s attempt to expand the federal government to help the freedmen more effectively, “Republicans imposed national control on the Southern states, completely ignoring the constitutional concept of federalism in …show more content…
In many cases, corrupt Republican appointed carpetbaggers used their position to steal money or resources, often from black or black programs as in the case of a “carpetbag governor [who] was charged with stealing and selling the food of the Freedmen’s Bureau intended for the relief of helpless and ragged ex-slaves” (Doc A). Because of incidents like this, many black began to distrust the Republican governments adding to the resentment southern whites already felt towards the party. Furthermore, many southerner’s did not take the Union laws seriously and often “as Union armies marching in and out of various locations, many blacks found themselves emancipated and the re-enslaved” (The American Pageant p.481) thus being subjected again to the harsh treatments given to slaves. Similarly, even after Southern Reconstruction programs were established and blacks were no longer re-enslaved, many blacks having no money turned to sharecropping where they “in effect became slaves to the soil and to their creditors” (The American Pageant p. 487). Moreover, as tensions grew between freedmen and whites in the south, violence occurred making the south a “warzone” of race riots. Almost immediately after the Civil War was over riots such as that in Memphis, Tennessee in the May of 1866 occurred where “whites on a rampage of

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Frq Civil War

    • 490 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The civil war created a big rift between the North and the South that was not easily mended. After the decisive union victory the government had to create an ingenious plan for reconstruction. After Lincoln’s assassination, Johnson tried to carry out many of the former plans. Sectional tensions surrounded the civil war, and the role of the federal government was greatly impacted in terms of race relations and western expansion during the period between 1861 and 1877.…

    • 490 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    After the war the South went through a harsh period of rebuilding called the Reconstruction. Carpetbaggers are mentioned and shown several times…

    • 734 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Civil War and the period of Reconstruction brought great social, political, and economic changes to American society. The Ku Klux Klan, the black codes, and tenant farming all effected the United States in different ways. The effects of these changes continued into the 20th century.…

    • 821 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, shortly after the end of the Civil War, leaving the executive office to his successor Andrew Johnson. Shadowing the war, plans were made for the reconstruction of the United States. Lincoln's plans for reconstruction would eventually be over written by Johnson's poor leadership in office. Andrew Johnson had many weaknesses, his greatest one of all was his “sensitivity to public opinion” as well as failing to recognize that he had no political base or his lack of understanding of how to fulfill the role of party leader. Johnson’s faults during his term were direct examples of poor leadership and would result in a disgraceful presidency.…

    • 423 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Reconstruction Plan

    • 1116 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Civil War, one of the most brutal and bloody wars in US History ended in 1865, and left the country in ruin. Abraham Lincoln, the president of the U.S at the time came up with the plan to re-build the country after the war. He called it Reconstruction Plan. The Reconstruction Plan was put to use right after the war in 1865 and ended in 1877. Within the Reconstruction Plan, Lincoln offered a model for reinstatement of Southern states called the 10 percent Reconstruction plan. And also, during reconstruction period, we witnessed the emerged of Black Code which created the Fourteen and Fifteen Amendments and followed up by the 1876 election and Southern Segregation.…

    • 1116 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    In the time period of 1862 to 1865, when Lincoln takes office in March 4th to his assassination, the United States was dealing with the issues of preserving the Union. In determining whether Lincoln’s goals to preserve the Union by freeing the slaves, one must assess the knowledge of their relationship. Politically, President Lincoln tried to convince the political groups that abolishing slavery would help preserve the Union; intellectually, he gave the idea of ending slavery to the citizens through speeches; and socially, after Lincoln freed the slaves, they were pursued to join the war for the Union’s cause. In order for Lincoln to save the Union, he would find it inevitable to end the slavery issue.…

    • 1468 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Civil War Amendments

    • 460 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The 15th amendment declares that the," right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any station account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." Because the blacks were allowed to vote, the Republican Party started to gain power. A group of southern men white men who hated the blacks, KKK, started to torture, burn, and beat blacks who attempted to vote. They also attacked whites who supported the black right. Although the former slaves now have some rights, it will still be many years until the blacks gain full racial…

    • 460 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The American Civil war hardly fought by a great amount of soldiers in order to get African American slaves the freedom they deserved. A mass amount of lives were lost leading up to the Union victory which set millions of slaves free. The south was in ruins after they fought a defensive war and Reconstruction was introduced. With Lincoln in charge, many people looked forward to the future after the long Civil War. The first step was encouraging people to abandon the Confederacy and to come back into the union. This is where the complications started to be revealed.…

    • 901 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Civil War Dbq Analysis

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Where originally the goal was to reform the United States of America and answer the question of slavery in the states (popular sovereignty or not), was changed to the abolitions of slavery and appeasing and angry south. According to the Republican Party Platform of 1864, the addition of the 14th and 15th amendments granted the right of suffrage and citizenship demanded by the convention of coloreds only further aggravated the war torn south (Doc H). As a result the government was forced to focus the majority of Johnson’s presidency on the reconstruction on the US. Blacks were supporters of the reconstruction, as shown by their extremely instrumental involvement in the constitutional conventions (Doc J). Blacks were able to gain full citizenship and suffrage, feats that would have been otherwise impossible if they had not affected the course of the civil war in t hey way that they…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    White people who lived in the South had to swear in order to vote so basically the white people got their right to vote kind of taken away. The Fourteenth Amendment granted full citizenship to all individuals that was born in the United States. Some African Americans in the US was born in the US they soon became full citizen. Another right that was given was that African Americans were allowed to go to school and learn how to read and…

    • 1023 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anger and hatred were not the only consequences of the Civil War. After reconstruction had begun in 1865, the South had to fix their destroyed economy and states. Thus, there were numerous disputes between Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, and Congress, essentially being how to get the Southern states back into the Union, how to fix their destroyed economy, and the new rights African American’s should have. Nonetheless, Abraham Lincoln’s assassination only sparked even more…

    • 75 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    “The right to citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race color, or previous conditions of servitude.” This amendment was granting African American men the right to vote. This was adopted into the United States Constitution on the 30th of March in 1870. It was passed by the congress a year before. By the late 1870’s, many people of Caucasian race did not want this amendment to pass. They did not want the African American people to vote especially in the South states. After years and many months of discrimination towards one color the voting right act of 1963 came to overcome its barriers at local levels still trying to deny blacks their rights to vote under the 15th amendment congress stayed on this topic for two months or more having several different versions of the amendment, some were submitted, questioned, overruled, and reevaluated in the house and senate…

    • 493 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    During the Reconstruction Era, Southerners tried to employ numerous amounts of tactics that would make the exercise of freedom challenging for former slaves. These methods included: intimidation of Black voters, Jim Crow laws and Black Codes. Radical Republicans were in favor of the Emancipation Proclamation even before Abraham Lincoln proposed it, and where fighting to ensure that freed slaves would acquire basic rights. The passing of the 15th amendment, granted all black male citizens the right to vote, to counteract this, former slave owners and leading officials in the south used intimidation to keep former slaves from projecting any political power. Democratic landowners fired tenant farmers who voted Republican and publicized their names in local newspapers to prevent other landowners from hiring them too (Schultz, 2012, p286). The Radical Republicans fought to pass the Civil Rights Act which would counter-act any Black Codes put in place by the power hungry Southern states. President Johnson…

    • 1868 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Reconstruction era following the Civil War managed to accomplish various goals regarding the freed slaves, the south, and the nation. This positive growth, especially for the African Americans was brief. In the efforts to reconstruct the southern society and integrate the freedmen, the southern whites, who were previously prosperous began to feel betrayed and neglected. There were many grievances, such as arguing that the Freedman’s Bureau infringed their rights and wanting the Union to withdraw its forces.1 The southern legislatures even passed laws such as the Mississippi Black Code, which prevented interracial marriage, court access for blacks, introduced vagrancy laws, and promoted the formation of vigilante and lynching groups. There…

    • 253 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Right after the election of President Abraham Lincoln, the South instantly withdrew from the Union. It is evident here that the country had torn itself into two bodies: or "a country divided" according to Lincoln. The North, unlike the South, was under control of the strong leader Lincoln. One can further see the hatred that the South had of the North, as he was assassinated by a southern man. The timing of this assassination could not have happened at the most crucial time period in America's history, for reconstruction was left up to his predecessor, Andrew Jackson.…

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays