MORE EDUCATION LESS RECIDIVISM: RESEARCH DESIGN
After analyzing the literature review the reader can draw their own conclusion on the hypothesis: inmates who receive an education while incarcerated are less likely to recidivate when released; compared to those who are released without having received an education. That being said, the purpose of this research design is to present clear and concise methods on how the hypothesis will be tested and consequently validated.
People are incarcerated because they break laws set by society to protect society, does that mean those same people will continue to break laws after completing their sentences? In the research design I will focus on one factor that might prevent recidivism: education. For the purpose of this research design, the definition of recidivism will be held to the standards of Lawrence (1994) “who views recidivism as returning to prison after once being released.” This definition does not account for the inmates that return to jail for technical infractions such violating parole/probation, or people that commit crimes and are punished in ways that do not involve prison time being served. The education levels that I will include are as follows; GED, vocational certification, 2 year degree, and 4 year degree. The inmate population tested will exclude, for obvious reasons prisoners that are on death row, serving life sentences without the possibility of parole, and prisoners that have a sentence longer than five years. The last inmate population might not present itself as obvious in why it is being excluded, which leads to the next stage of observation. The prisoners that will be included in testing are those that have committed any type of crime (to include violent, drug related, etc.) leading to a maximum sentence of five years. The main reason for the limit of five years comes from the unpublished study by Daniel Glaser (1969; 1975) Dennis J. Stevens (1997a, 1994) who caution that “the more male and...
References: Clarke, S., and Harrison, A.L. (1992).
Recidivism criminal offenders assigned to community correctional programs or released from prison in North Carolina in 1989: Report prepared for the North Carolina Sentencing and Policy Advisory Commission 1992. Institute of Government. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Glaser, D. (1969)
The effectiveness of a prison and parole system. IN: Bobbs-Merrill
Glaser, D. (1975)
Strategic criminal justice planning. Rockville, MA: National Institute of Mental Health.
Lawrence, D. (1994).
Inmates students: Where do they fit in? Journal of the Oklahoma Criminal Justice Research Consortium, 1, 55-63.
Ryan, T.A., and Mauldin, B.J. (1994)
Correctional education and recidivism: An historical analysis. (Report available from University of South Carolina, College of Criminal Justice, Columbia, South Carolina
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