Psychology 101: Anxiety

Topics: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Panic disorder, Social anxiety disorder Pages: 13 (2524 words) Published: January 19, 2015

Anxiety Disorders

This paper goes through the different types of anxiety disorders. This paper will include the causes, symptoms, and treatment of the disorders. The disorders are: (1.) Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia; (2.) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder; (3.) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder; (4.) Social Phobia; and (5.) Panic Attacks.

Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety is something that everyone experiences in their life, but just because one has anxiety every once in a while, does not mean that they have a anxiety disorder. In fact, plain anxiety and anxiety disorders are very different. The anxiety that everyone experiences now and then is just nervousness due to something happening in their life, where anxiety disorders are much more serious. Anxiety disorders can cause such a toll on someones life, that it is hard to live a normal life. People with anxiety disorders are constantly overwhelmed, worried, stressed, and nervous to the point where the nervousness turns into fear. There are several types of anxiety disorders, some of which are: Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Panic Attack, and Social Anxiety Disorder. Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia

Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder where a persons anxiety and fear is so intense that it causes them to not want to go places that they may not be able to escape. This may include places with large crowds, outside alone, on public transportation, or even being on a bridge. This usually results in the person rarely leaving his or her house. Causes

There is not an exact cause of Agoraphobia. Panic may become a learned behavior. Agoraphobia sometimes occurs when a person has had a panic attack and begins to fear situations that might lead to another panic attack (Taylor CT, 2012). Agoraphobia also tends to run in families and sometimes has a clear genetic factor contributing to its development (Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, 2013). There is also a clear connection between agoraphobia with panic disorder and having a serotonin deficiency. Symptoms

The symptoms of agoraphobia have to do with leaving ones comfort zone. For example, anxiety can occur when going out, in fear of having a panic attack. The panic attack associated with agoraphobia may involve intense fear, disorientation, rapid heart beat, dizziness, or diarrhea (Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, 2013). Other symptoms of the panic attacks may include chest pain or discomfort, choking, faintness, fear of being out of control, fear of dying, fear of going crazy, hot flashes, chills, nausea or other stomach distress, numbness or tingling, racing heart, shortness of breath, sweating, and trembling (Taylor CT, 2012). The symptoms of agoraphobia, itself, are being afraid of spending time alone, being afraid of places where escape might be hard, being afraid of losing control in a public place, depending on others, feeling detached or separated from others, feeling helpless, feeling that the body is not real, feeling that the environment is not real, having an unusual temper or agitation, and staying in the house for long periods of time (Taylor CT, 2012). These symptoms interfere with the daily life of whomever has agoraphobia. TreatmentThere are different kind of treatments for agoraphobia that involve psychotherapy and medicine. A specific form of psychotherapy, that focuses on decreasing negative, anxiety-provoking thoughts and behaviors, has been found to be highly effective in treating agoraphobia (Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, 2013). This is called cognitive behavioral therapy, and is found to be the best treatment. Another treatment is self exposure. Self exposure is when the person either imagines or puts him or herself into situations that cause increasing levels of agoraphobic...

References: CT, Taylor. "Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia - Saint Francis Care, Hartford, CT." Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia - Saint Francis Care, Hartford, CT. N.p., 2012. Web. 11 Apr. 2014.
Dryden-Edwards, Roxanne. "Panic Attacks (Panic Disorder) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Signs, Medication, Types - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. Ed. Melissa C. Stöppler. N.p., 10 Sept. 2013. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
Mayo Clinic Staff. "Social Anxiety Disorder (social Phobia)." Causes. N.p., 23 Aug. 2011. Web. 09 Apr. 2014.
"PTSD: National Center for PTSD." Treatment of PTSD -. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2014.
Smith, Melinda, and Ellen Jaffe-Gill. "Social Anxiety Disorder & Social Phobia." Social Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia: Symptoms, Self-Help, and Treatment. N.p., Feb. 2014. Web. 09 Apr. 2014.
Tartakovsky, Margarita. "How to Halt and Minimize Panic Attacks | Psych Central." Psych N.p., 2011. Web. 11 Apr. 2014.
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