Informative Speech

Topics: Fear, Phobias, Phobia Pages: 3 (1001 words) Published: December 4, 2014
Phobias
Informative speech
Okay, so I want all of you to imagine a giant hairy spider crawling on your arm. It’s not doing any harm but it is just sitting there; for some of y’all this is your worst nightmare. If you are one of those people you may have arachnophobia which is the extreme fear of spiders. For some of y’all imagining you are in a tight space that is constricting any movement makes you feel very uneasy and want to scream; this may be because you have claustrophobia. : “Almost 6.2 million [United State] citizens have some sort of specific phobia”(FearOfStuff) and these are just some examples.

Usually phobias will be categorized into four different groups. Animal phobias, which when someone is afraid of dogs or snakes. Natural environmental phobias, which would be the fear of heights or thunderstorms. Situational phobias, also known as specific phobias, which would be the fear of flying or enclosed places. Then finally blood-injection-injury phobia which is usually the fear of blood or medical procedures. Some phobias don’t fit into these categories and are usually known as the less common phobias (Smith).

Katherina K. Hauner, a postdoctoral fellow at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, once said “irrational and excessive fear, however, is typically a maladaptive response. In humans, an unwarranted, persistent fear of a certain situation or object, known as specific phobia, can cause overwhelming distress and interfere with daily life”. Most people form their fears based off of their genetics. A personal example of that is when I get shots I faint; this happens because I get so worked up over the fact that a needle is about to stab my arm that my body goes into protection mode. My mom use to have the exact same thing happen to her. This would be a classic example of trypanophobia.

When a person is experiencing an event that is relative to their phobia usually they will feel very uneasy, their heart starts to race,...

References: Watts, Andrew. "Why Do We Develop Certain Irrational Phobias?" Scientific American Global RSS. Scientific American Mind, 19 Dec. 2013. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
Douglass, Paul, Ph.D. "Have a Free Chat with a Therapist..." Phobias: What Are Phobias and How Are Phobias Formed? Phobia Information and Resources. Hypnotherapy in North London and Cambridgeshire, Convenient for Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, North London, West London, East London, Central London. Avon Hypnotherapy, 2003. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.
"Phobia Stats." FearOfStuffcom RSS. N.p., 2013. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.
Smith, Melinda, M.A, Robert Segal, M.A, and Jeanne Segal, M.A. "Phobias and Fears." : Symptoms, Treatment, and Self-Help. Help Guide, Oct. 2014. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.
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