Psychoanalytic Perspective on Personality Development

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L & D Assignment 1: Psychoanalytic Perspective on Personality Development

Submitted By Pravin Bang

Submitted To, Prof. Abhishek Kumar

Psychoanalytic Theory, conceived by Sigmund Freud and developed and modified by his colleagues, students, critics and later by 'neo-Freudians ' such as Erich Fromm in the 19th and 20th centuries, has been a significant influence and contribution to psychological research, treatment of mental illness and a general understanding of the development and functioning of the human psyche[1].

Tenets of Psychoanalytic Theory
Though the field has developed into several complex branches with a variety of ideas and theoretical frameworks since its conception, some of its basic and fundamental tenets can be recognised as follows: 1.)Human personality is determined by, apart from hereditary characteristics, childhood environment, experiences and memories. 2.)The Human mind is divided into three 'parts '(not physically): Conscious, Pre-conscious and Subconscious. The conscious mind is where we put things which we are currently attentive to, the pre-conscious mind is is where we put things we are aware about but which are not the subject of our attention and finally the subconscious is where we have little control or awareness about the processes or emotions, i.e., is not reached the conscious mind. 3.)The above concept was later evolved into the idea of the Id, Ego and Super Ego, by Freud. Id is the process of the mind which operates almost solely on the 'pleasure-principal ' and is the source of our impulses and desires, it is a part of the mind when an individual is born. Ego develops during infancy and operates on the 'reality principle ', it is aware of the constraints and limitations of the real world. The Super ego refers to how we perceive ourselves and our moral and ethical values. In this model the function of Ego is to balance the Id and Super Ego within the constraints and limitations of the real world. 4.)Human



References: 1.) Slater, Charles L. (2003), "Generativity versus stagnation: An elaboration of Erikson 's adult stage of human development", Journal of Adult Development 2.) Erikson, Erik (1956). "The problem of ego identity". Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 4: 56–121. 3.) Marcia, James E. (1966). "Development and validation of ego identity status". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 3: 551–558.

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