India’s population consist of 100 million tribal people, who have constitutionally been addressed by two distinct avenues. The provisions of 5th and 6th schedule of Indian constitution have generated a lot of interest in the affair of welfare and development, mostly in the area of scheduled tribe. This schedule is a panacea for all tribal discord. 5th schedule applies to an overwhelming majority of India’s tribe in 13 states while 6th schedule covers, that are settled in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. The formation of tribal advisory council is an important component of 5th schedule, 244(1).TAC is formed in every state of India having scheduled area. It shall be the duty of TAC to advice on such matters pertaining the welfare and advancement of scheduled tribes in every state. Governor is authorised to make regulations to prohibit or restrict the business of money lending in consultation with TAC with the assent of president. 6th schedule has been inserted in the constitution as the provision to decentralise and to administrate the tribal area in the state of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. The autonomous district and regional councils under 6th schedule have the real power to make laws on specified field such as management of forest other than reserved forest, inheritance of property, social customs and on various legislature and judicial subjects. This provision not only provides the guidelines for the administration of scheduled area, but also the flow of grant in aid out of Consolidated fund of India, to the states for the scheduled area for promoting social welfare and development of backward classes. The mandate towards the devolution determines the protection of their customs, socio-economic development and ultimately ethnic security.
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