Problems and Prospects of Service Sector - Education

Topics: Education, Higher education, School Pages: 12 (3116 words) Published: January 20, 2013

India stands out for the size and dynamism of its services sector. The Service Sector in India today accounts for more than half of India's GDP. The contribution of the services sector to the Indian economy has been manifold: a 55.2 per cent share in gross domestic product (GDP), growing by 10 per cent annually, contributing to about a quarter of total employment, accounting for a high share in foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and over one-third of total exports, and recording very fast (27.4 per cent) export growth through the first half of 2010-11. Services, especially education service plays a major role in service sector. India has the third largest higher education system in the world, next only to China and the United States. The education is start from the right time of child is born throughout his life time he is in a constant state of learning and finding new things in order to better equip himself to face the world.  Such is the scope of the education that providing the right, equal, and relevant education should hence be a matter of utmost priority for the policy makers in the country. This paper discuss about the problems, Ethics of India’s education system due to changes through policy reforms.

KEYWORDS: Education, GDP, FDI, Service Sector, Ethics, Indian Education System.


Education is the process of bringing desirable change into the behavior of human beings. It can also be defined as the “Process of imparting or acquiring knowledge or habits through instruction or study”. The behavioral changes must be directed towards a desirable end. They should be acceptable socially, culturally and comically and result in a change in knowledge, skill, attitude and understanding. With the development of society; education has taken many shapes, such as child education, adult education, technical education, health education, physical education and so on. The other broad classification could be: ❖ Formal Education

❖ Non formal education
❖ Informal Education
Formal Education is:
❖ Institutional activity.
❖ Chronologically graded hierarchically structured.
❖ Uniform.
❖ Subject oriented.
❖ Full time.
❖ Leads to certificates, diplomas, degrees
Non Formal Education is:
❖ Flexible.
❖ Life environment and learner oriented.
❖ Diversified in content and method.
❖ Non-authoritarian and
❖ Built on learner participation.
❖ It mobilizes local resources.
❖ It enriches human and environmental a potential.
❖ E.g. Agricultural Extension.
Informal Education is:
❖ Life long process.
❖ Individual learns from daily experiences.
❖ Individual learns from exposure to the environment at home, at work, at play etc.


“Education is the manifestation of perfection in Man” – Swami Vivekananda.

Education is important not only for development of one's personality, but also for the sustained growth of nation. It is the foundation on which the development of every citizen and the nation as a whole hinges. The quality of elementary education in India has also been a major cause of worry for government. According to the Census of 2011, "every person above the age of 7 years who can read and write in any language is said to be literate". According to this criterion, the 2011 survey holds the National Literacy Rate to be around 74.07%.

Profile of Literacy: India’s literacy rate has touched 74.04 % according to the 2011 census, up from 65.5% in 2001 and just 52.21% in1991. But this is well sort of the target set by the planning commissionto achieve a literacy rate of over 85% by 2011-12. In 2011, male literacy is 82% and female literacy is about 65.5%. In 2001, this gap was 21.6%. Out of almost 218 million literates added during the decade.110 million were women compared to just...
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