Problem Solving

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Topics: Problem solving
Problem-Solving Despite what folks accomplish as a profession or where they exist, most folks use the majority of their waking hours, at a workplace or at home, tackling situations. Most situations people challenge are little, some are substantial and complex, yet they need to be settled in a tasteful manner. There are a few definitions of a situation or how one individual may distinguish a situation. A situation is a chance for development. A situation may be a true break, the stroke of fortunes, chance thumping, an opportunity to get out of the groove of the ordinary and greatly improve the situation. A situation is the contrast between an individual present state and an individual objective state. A situation can come about because of revamped learning or supposing. At the point that a person knows where they are and where they need to be, they have a situation to fathom in getting to their objective. A situation comes about because of the acknowledgment of a present defective and the credence in the probability of a preferred fate. The function of this paper will explain the different approaches to the study of problem-solving. Explain the role of insight and creativity in the problem solving process, analyze the dynamics of problem representation and problem solution and analyze the function of reasoning, judgment, and decision making in the problem-solving process.
Approaches to the Study of Problem-Solving The three main approaches to problem-solving are behaviorism, gestalt, and cognitive. Behaviorism focuses on how a person learns to solve a problem. Robinson-Riegler and Robinson-Riegler (2008) discuss a study conducted by E.L. Thorndike on problem-solving. Thorndike used cats and a puzzle box to explain his view on the process of problem-solving and how a problem-solving can be learned. In Thorndike 's puzzle box a cat would be enclosed in the box. Within the box there was a petal that cat could step on that was connected to wires that opened the



References: Ciccarelli.S, & Meyer, G. (2006) Psychology my psychlab edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Helie, S., & Sun, R. (2010). Incubation, Insight, and Creative Problem Solving: A unified theory and a connectionist model. Psychological Review, 117(3), 994-1024 Robinson-Riegler, G., & Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008). Cognitive psychology: Applying the science of the mind (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon Spaulding, K. (2008). Judgment and problem solving. Drawing conclusion and making decisions. Retried from http://ksspaulding.wordpress.com/article/judgment-and-problem- solving-3smazt4fj02nv-34/

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