Jail’s and Prison’s Response
Tracey B. Freeman
February 1, 2015
Jail’s and Prison’s Response
Prisons range from minimum to maximum security. They are designed to house criminals who have committed similar types of offenses. The penal institutions of developed countries usually offer better living conditions and greater inmate safety than those found in undeveloped or authoritarian nations. Although most correctional facilities are intended to incarcerate adult, civilian criminals, prison types, exist for military personnel, juveniles, violent psychiatric patients, and political agitators. There are five basic prison types in the United States. Other countries feature different methods of categorization. United States Prisons are divided into Maximum security, low security, medium security, high security, and correctional complexes. Prisons are designed to house those who have broken the law and to remove them from the free society. Inmates are locked away for a set amount of time and obtain limited freedoms during their incarceration. Juvenile- Individuals under 18 are juveniles. Anyone who is not of a legal age, is never locked up in a general prison with adults. They are placed in a facility that is designed just for juveniles. Minimum, Medium, and High security- Minimum is reserved for white collar criminals who have committed acts such as embezzlement or fraud. They are non-violent in nature and the perpetrators are not measured to be a risk for violence. Medium Security- Standard facilities used to house most criminals. They offer cage style housing, armed guards, and a much more disciplined daily routine than minimum security. High Security- are prisons reserved for the most vicious and unsafe offenders. These prisons include more guards than both minimum and medium security and are considered to be a high risk individual. Psychiatric law breakers believed to be mentally unfit are sent to psychiatric prisons that are designed to bear a resemblance to hospitals. Once incarcerated, the inmates or patients, receive psychiatric help for their mental disorders. As with any prison, that pursues methods of rehabilitation, psychiatric prisons are intended to try and help as opposed to just sanctioning them as a means of punishment. Military has their own prison facilities that are used specifically for military personnel who have broken laws that affect national security, or to house prisoners of war. The treatment of these prisoners have been a subject of much discussion in current times and the explanation of torture for enemy combatants have become a controversial and offend discussed topic. The concept of Prison,( total institution), is the concept established by Erving Goffman, defined as an isolated, fenced social system, with the primary purpose to control most aspects of HS participants. Examples of total institutions include prisons, mental hospitals, boarding schools, and military training camps. Jails are an integral component of our criminal justice system today. Periods of incarceration are uncertain and contribute to volatile organizational cultures that involve an extremely diverse offender population. To classify these diverse groups, most jails use classification instruments that measure static predictors of risk such as nature/seriousness of current crime, criminal history, and past institutional behavior. These tools are thought to be useful to group offenders for institutional security; but they were not designed to evaluate risk to re-offend. While jail classification is used widely and in fact mandated by some states; efforts to reduce dynamic criminogenic risk (issues or personal contributors to an offender’s criminality that he/she can change) must be measured by the use of some 3rd generation actuarial assessment (Christensen, 2008). There are 3,300 (three thousand, three hundred) jails in the United States....
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