Prison Rehabilitation Issue
Prison inmates should be rehabilitated in order to reduce recidivism rates. There are over 1.5 million Americans incarcerated at this moment. With many leaving on parole, while others struggle with high re-arrest rates, many question whether prisons should rehabilitate for a substance and crime free re-entry into society. Those for rehabilitation argue that statistics support evidence that programs which educate convicts, allowing them to get G.E.D.’s and participate in college programs work in helping offenders to lead better lives once outside prison walls. These arguments support that through education and drug rehabilitation that an individual enrolled in these programs has a better chance at staying free from incarceration. Non supporters of these educational programs argue that prisons should focus on justice and punishment rather than educate prisoners. Those against also support the ideas that crime will exist anyway, and that these added duties of teaching and rehabilitating are too much for staff to handle. By careful examination studies show that through rehabilitation and education offenders may be kept from returning to prison.
The main argument from the proactive side is that overall, treatment is better for addicts, who primarily fill prisons. There are four programs to assist addicts in the recovery process,
therapeutic communities, short term residential treatment, and drug maintenance programs. Each of these programs has been proven to have a high success rate when it comes to the prevention of inmates returning to substance abuse and crime. Drug addiction and substance abuse has been recognized as a mental disorder which requires treatment, treatment that suites the individual and the needs that they may have, by acquiring an education and learning how to lead a drug free life. Through this level of treatment, patients get a grip and learn how to control themselves, allowing them to develop the...
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