October 23, 2011
What is prisoner rehabilitation? Foster (2006) defines prisoner rehabilitation as something that inspires a positive change during confinement. Dependent on prison and era, prison rehabilitation has included drug rehabilitation, counseling, behavior modification, religious or social meetings, educational, vocational or adaptive strategy training (Foster, 2006). Notably, as well, federal prison adopted the medical model during the late 1950s through the early 1970s. Prisoner rehabilitation is a form of treatment. Treatment is when a plan is set forth to help a person. Since a prisoner has committed some type of crime, he or she will sometimes get a second chance. This second chance is known as rehabilitation and generally starts while in prison and continues upon being released. Rehabilitation is a way of getting the prisoner ready to go back out into the world as a new person free of the past in a way. Counseling, casework, and therapy are all types of rehabilitation. There are also educational resources, outside visitors, and recreation that are also all forms of rehabilitation. Rehabilitation or treatment is something that is positive that happens to the prisoner.
What are the origins of prisoner rehabilitation? Believe it or not the origins of prisoner rehabilitation started in a medieval dungeon and torture chamber in the late 18th century. Rehabilitation varies depending on the nature of the offender, the crime committed, as well as the institution in question. The techniques that have been used for years vary from vocational and educational so that the offender may learn skills that can be used outside of the prison when they get released. Rehabilitation takes place mostly in the prison but sometimes even once the prisoner is released as well.
How does prisoner rehabilitation affect prisons and general society? In my opinion it affects society in a very big way. The people that
References: Foster, B. (2006). Corrections: The Fundamentals. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.