Pragmatic Acquisition

Topics: Pragmatics, Speech act, Linguistics Pages: 13 (4086 words) Published: December 10, 2013
PRAGMATICS ACQUISITION

I. INTRODUCTION
In communications, one meaning or one function can be said with various form / structure. For instruction others, speaker can express it by imperative sentence, declarative sentence, or even with interrogative sentence. In communication, we sometimes experience of miscommunication because of we have a difference perception of a speaker’s intended meaning. From the simple description above, pragmatics is the correct one to be learnt because pragmatics helps the learners to deliver and interpret meaning of utterances. Pragmatics tends to analyze the functionalism than formalism. Pragmatics is the study of the relationships between linguistic forms and the users of those forms (Yule, 1997:4). Pragmatics concerns with the context and function of the speaker’s utterance and how the relationship between speaker’s utterance and context or situation is. Various acts in society, such as representative act, directive, expressive, and declarative, indirect and direct act, or combination from two or more act, are things or interesting phenomena to be studied pragmatically. Every body experiences pragmatics acquisition since he/she is a child. In the acquisition of pragmatics children are faced with learning diverse skills. They need to learn amongst other things to take the listeners perspective into account and choose the correct pragmatic function they want to convey. There has been considerable work on the acquisition of pragmatics. Pragmatic is different from semantics in the case of pragmatic studies about act with set of its analysis in the form of acting to say (speech act), while semantics analyze meaning set of lingual (sentence or word) with set of its analysis in the form of meaning. Those phenomena interest the writer to do a library research in order to find more about the information relates to the pragmatics acquisition and the relationship of the semantics and pragmatics. In short, the writer would like to discuss some fundamental issues of pragmatics. To be more specific, it discusses the following issues: 1.What does the pragmatic mean?

2.What does pragmatic acquisition mean?
3. How is the development of pragmatics acquisition?
4. What is the correlation between pragmatics and semantics?

II. PRAGMATICS ACQUISITION
A. THE DEFINITION OF PRAGMATICS
The writer has collected several definitions of pragmatics and will be explained briefly. Pragmatics studies the abstraction concepts and the relation of concept representing sign (Montague, cited in Hasan, 1993: 38). Here after, Montague says that pragmatics studies the “idexical" or “deictic". In this pragmatics congeniality relates to reference theory or deixis. Language usage shows certain reference according to its usage. Levinson (1983: 75) in his book, Pragmatics, gives a definition of pragmatics. Pragmatics is the study of those relations between context and language which provided the basic of the explanation of language meaning. In this limitation means to comprehend the usage of our language, we have to comprehend the context of the language. Levinson states that pragmatics is the study of the ability of language usage to correlate sentences with appropriate context. Pragmatics is the study of those relations between language and context that are grammaticalized, or encoded in the structure of a language. (Levinson, 1983: 9)

Leech (1983:6 in May 1993: 43) sees pragmatics is as a scope of study in linguistics which has related to semantics. In Leech’s word: The view that semantics and pragmatics are distinct, though complementary and interrelated fields of study, is easy to appreciate subjectively, but is more difficult to justify in objective way. It is best supported negatively, by pointing out the failures or weaknesses of alternative views (Leech, 1983: 6). Leech distinguishes three possible ways of structuring this relationship: semanticism (pragmatics inside semantics), pragmaticism (semantics...


References: Austin, J.L. 1962. How to Do Things with Words. Cambridge: Havard University.
Hasan, Hamid H. 1993. Analisis wacana Pragmatik. Bandung: Angkasa.
Horn, Laurence R, and Gregory Ward. 2007. The Handbook of Pragmatics. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
Hurford, James R, and Brenda Heasley. 1995. Semantics: a coursebook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ibrahim, Abd Syukur. 1993. Kajian Tindak Tutur. Surabaya: Usaha Nasional.
Kreidler, Charles W. 2002. Introducing English Semantics. New York: TJ International
Leech, Geoffrey
Leech, Geoffrey. 1993. Prinsip-prinsip Pragmatik. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia
Levinson, Stephen C
May, Jacob L. 1993. Pragmatics an introduction. London: TJ Press.
Yule, George. 1997. Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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