Positioning

Topics: Brand, Brand management, Marketing Pages: 5 (531 words) Published: September 16, 2013
POSITIONING STRATEGY

POSITIONING
Creating a unique and distinctive image for a brand relative to the competition Brand should be perceived as different from competitors by consumers

EFFECTIVE POSITIONING Meaningful to consumers Credible/believable Unique to your brand Durable over time

FOCUS OF POSITIONING
Attributes and benefits of the product Competition Product user Product use or application Product class Cultural symbols

Jet Blue Airways

Focus on the benefits of Jet Blue

Mini Cooper
Focus

on the Competition

T2-6 Alaska Brewing Company

Focus on User

T2-7 Alaska Brewing Company

Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority

Focus on the Experience/Use – You can be Anyone

Lever Brothers (Snuggle)

Brand Positioning
Points-of-difference – unique brand values
Desirable Deliverable

Points-of-parity – shared brand values
Necessary Competitive

Cultural Symbol

BRAND RESONANCE PYRAMID
Stages of Brand Development
4. RELATIONSHIPS = 4. RELATIONSHIPS = What about you & me? What about you & me?

Branding Objective at Each Stage
INTENSE, INTENSE, ACTIVE LOYALTY ACTIVE LOYALTY

RESONANCE

3. RESPONSE = 3. RESPONSE = What about you? What about you?

JUDGMENTS

FEELINGS

POSITIVE, POSITIVE, ACCESSIBLE ACCESSIBLE REACTIONS REACTIONS

2. MEANING = 2. MEANING = What are you? What are you?

PERFORMANCE

IMAGERY

STRONG, FAVORABLE POINTS-OF-PARITY & UNIQUE BRAND & DIFFERENCE ASSOCIATIONS

1. IDENTITY = 1. IDENTITY = Who are you? Who are you?

SALIENCE

DEEP, BROAD DEEP, BROAD BRAND BRAND AWARENESS AWARENESS

Resonance
Whether customers feel that they are “in synch” with the brand Intensity of psychological bond that customers have with the brand Level of activity engendered by this loyalty Repeat purchase rates Seeking out brand information or other loyal customers

Salience
Depth of brand awareness
Recognition and recall

Performance
What the brand does to meet customers' more functional needs

Imagery
How people think about a brand abstractly rather than what they think the brand physically does Type of user Brand personality History & heritage Experiences

Mini Cooper
Focus on Performance

Apple iPod

Imagery

Judgments
Consumers overall brand evaluations
How consumers combine performance and imagery associations to form different kinds of brand opinions

Feelings
Consumers emotional responses and reactions to the brand
Can be mild or intense, positive or negative

Focus on main benefit relative to the competition: “Highlander has what typical SUVs don’t – A 4-wheel independent MacPherson Strut suspension for a nice, comfortable ride.”

Toyota Matrix
Anticipated age: 28.8 Actual age of buyers: 42.7

Pontiac Vibe
Anticipated age: 30.2 Actual age of buyers: 48.2

Honda Element
Anticipated age: 28.6 Actual age of buyers: 44.7

Dodge Neon
Anticipated age: 22.7 Actual age: 39.2

Message: Parents who spend time with their kids by taking them places like this can help prevent drug use

“Parents: The Anti-Drug” campaign (encourages parents to talk to their kids about the dangers of drugs)

STEPS IN POSITIONING Identify competitors Determine most important attributes consumers use in choosing a brand Determine consumers’ perceptions of competitors

POSITIONING STEPS (CONT.) Determine perceptions of your brand What is the ideal brand for your market segments? Assess best positioning strategy Track image of brand over time

PERCEPTUAL MAPPING
Ask consumers what their top criteria are in choosing a product (desired attributes) Which brands would they consider? (choice alternatives) How are these brands perceived on the desired attributes?

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