Pompeii is well preserved.
Pre- Roman Pompeii
8th century BC – Greeks from Cumae colony establish a small but permanent settlement in the region of Pompeii.
7th century BC – Etruscan influences begins to influence the style of the early town of Pompeii as the northern tribe gains strength.
6th century BC- The 1st grandiose structures were constructed in Pompeii such as the Temples of Apollo.
5th century BC- Pompeii expands after the Etruscans defeat but the Cumean Greeks. The city now sprawls in over 65ha instead of 10.
End of the 5th century – The entirety of the Italian tribesmen. Pompeii is conquered by the Samnite tribes, a loose confederation of peoples.
3rd century – Intertribal warfare around the area sees the Cumpani tribe call on Roman aid to stop the wars.
90-89 BC - Pompeii forms on of the strongholds of the Italian Allies in the Social Wars. They are defeated and turned into a colony while Herculaneum becomes a municipium: (Independent City which had its own democratic government and paid taxes to Rome).
71 BC to AD1 – The aristocrats of the town embark on a massive buildings and renovation program while would see the modernisation of Pompeii’s buildings as well as prove their loyalty to Pompeii.
AD 59 – Pompeii is now a thriving town however a riot at a gladiatorial match sees a ban imposed on such spectacles for 10 years.
AD 62 – A severe earthquake damages Pompeii and even 17 years later only 2 major public buildings were built: the Amphitheatre and the Temple of Isis.
AD 79 – The temple of Apollo rears completion of its reconstruction, work had also begun on the public baths, theatre, Doric Temple, water supply and most of private villas.
August 25-25 AD 79 – Ve Suvius erupts, coverings the town of Pompeii in ash.
* Herculaneum, pyroclastic flow, 23m of boiling mud.
* 3.5m of Ash.
1. What countries did Rome control in AD