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Metric Prefixes

Multiple 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 1,000,000,000,000,000 1,000,000,000,000 1,000,000,000 1,000,000 1,000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.000001 0.000000001 0.000000000001 0.000000000000001 0.000000000000000001 1018 1015 1012 109 106 103 102 101 1 10–1 10–2 10–3 10–6 10–9 10–12 10–15 10–18 Name exa peta tera giga mega kilo hecto deka — deci centi milli micro nano pico femto atto Abbreviation E P T G M k h da — d c m m n p f a

Physical Constants

Acceleration due to gravity Universal gravitational constant Electron charge Speed of light Boltzmann’s constant Planck’s constant Electron rest mass Proton rest mass Neutron rest mass Coulomb’s law constant Permittivity of free space Permeability of free space Astronomical and Earth data Radius of the Earth equatorial polar average Mass of the Earth the Moon the Sun Average distance of the Earth from the Sun Average distance of the Moon from the Earth Diameter of the Moon Diameter of the Sun g G e c k h h me mp mn k eo mo 9.8 m/s2 5 980 cm/s2 5 32.2 ft/s2 N-m2 6.67 3 10 211 kg2 1.60 3 10–19 C 3.0 3 108 m/s 5 3.0 3 1010 cm/s 5 1.86 3 105 mi/s 1.38 3 10–23 J/K 6.63 3 10–34 J-s 5 4.14 310–15 eV-s h/2π 5 1.05 3 10–34 J-s 5 6.58 3 10–16 eV-s 9.11 3 10–31 kg 5 5.49 × 10–4 u 4 0.511 MeV 1.673 3 10–27 kg 5 1.0078 u 4 938.3 MeV 1.675 3 10–27 kg 5 1.00867 u 4 939.3 MeV 1/4πeo 5 9.0 3 109 N-m2/C2 8.85 3 10–12 C2/N-m2 4π 3 10–7 5 1.26 3 10–6 T-M/A 6.378 3 106 m 5 3963 mi 6.357 3 106 m 5 3950 mi 6.4 3 103 km (for general calculations) 6.0 3 1024 kg 1 7.4 3 1022 kg < 81 mass of Earth 2.0 3 1030 kg 1.5 3 108 km 5 93 3 106 mi 3.8 3 105 km 5 2.4 3 105 mi 3500 km < 2160 mi 1.4 × 106 km < 864,000 mi

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PHYSICS LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS

S e v e n t h E d i t i o n

Jerry D. Wilson

Lander University

Cecilia A. HernÁndez-Hall

American River College

Australia • Brazil • Japan • Korea • Mexico • Singapore • Spain • United Kingdom • United States

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Physics