Peter The Great "Most Absolute Monarch"

Topics: Western culture, Russia, Western world Pages: 2 (761 words) Published: April 2, 2014
Peter the Great
Peter The Great should be granted the title of "Most Absolute Monarch" because he created a strong navy, recognized his army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administrative and territorial divisions of the country. Peter focused on the development of science and recruited several experts to educate his people about technological advancements. He concentrated on developing commerce and industry and created a gentrified bourgeoisie population. Mirroring Western culture, he modernized the Russian alphabet, introduced the Julian calendar, and established the first Russian newspaper. Peter was a far-sighted and skillful diplomat who abolished Russia's archaic form of government and appointed a viable Senate, which regulated all branches of administration, as well as making, groundbreaking accomplishments in Russia's foreign policy. Peter acquired territory in Estonia, Latavia and Finland; and through several wars with Turkey in the south, he gained access to the Black Sea. In 1709, he defeated the Swedish army by purposely directing their troops to the city of Poltva, in the midst of an unbearable Russian winter. In 1712, Peter established the city of St. Petersburg on the Neva River and moved the capital there from its former location in Moscow. Shortly after, St. Petersburg was deemed Russia's ''window to Europe.” Moving on, nobility was dependent on service. You were not just born into it you had to work for it. He thought nobles should work as civil officers or work in the military. Peter made it mandatory for his entire nobleman to shave their beards off. He wanted Russia to be westernized completely. Peasantry was controlled by taxes. Peter the Great was known to tax men who insisted on having beards. If a male tried to leave to avoid paying taxes he would just tax the whole village where the male lived. This encouraged the peasants to keep people from fleeing. He subdivided estates again, also he reduced taxes on...
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