top-rated free essay

Peter the Great and his reforms: DBQ type essay.

By brynnbickford Oct 29, 2007 843 Words
Peter the Great DBQPeter the Great was tsar of Russia from 1682 to 1725. During his reign, Peter the Great made many reforms to Russia socially, militarily, and economically. These changes proved to have a positive effect on Russia, making his reign one of the greatest.

As the tsar of Russia, Peter the Great enforced many social reforms. He was very influenced by Western European ideas and incorporated many of them into Russian society. Throughout their history, Russian males wore long beards. After viewing European styles, Peter declared that all men, except peasants and priests were to cut off their beards and if they refused, they were to pay one hundred rubles a year. Peter also passed a reform of proper attire for Russians. Nobles originally wore long garments that had touched the floor but Peter abolished this and ordered them to be influenced by French style fashion and accessorize their clothing with gold or silver jewelry. The rest of the men were told of the new fashions and were expected to follow these styles. Women also had a change in appropriate appearance. The new chosen way of dress was very similar to the English. Jean Rousset de Missy writes in the Life of Peter the Great, "The dress of women was changed, too. English hairdressing was substituted for the caps and bonnets hitherto worn; bodices, stays, and skirts, for the former undergarments…." (Document 2) Peter also took the European idea of women choosing who they wish to marry rather than their parents assign their husbands for them. These social changes were some of the many that began to modernize Russia.

Peter the Great is credited with greatly improving Russia's military. He established the first Russian navy in 1696. Before his rule, the Russian Army was very limited. He rearranged and enlarged the Russian army similar to that of European models. According to document 3, Russian Peter the Great and the Russian Empire, "Under Peter, the army drafted soldiers for lifetime terms from the taxpaying population, ands it drew officers from the nobility and required them to give lifelong service in either military or civilian administration."(Document 3) He established the first Russian navy in 1696. This navy brought in many foreign exporters. By the year of his death, the navy had 48 ships and 800 galleys. Peter the Great felt very strongly about the Russian military and was very devoted to it. Paul Milikov describes Peter's dedication, "In all of Peter's activity we find nothing more deeply rooted, almost to the point of instinct, no other guiding idea other than this idea of service… the feeling of duty, without a doubt, helped Peter amidst all the fluctuations and vicissitudes of fortune, amidst his own impulses and caprices- to hold his will steady, to outlast his enemies, his allies, his helpers and his nation in the quest to attain the goals he had set." (Document 4) Most of the rule of Peter was consumed with war. He attempted to gain allies and capture ports. It is said that, " Throughout his victories, Peter acquired a direct link with Western Europe. In celebration, Peter assumed the title of emperor as well as tsar, and Muscovy officially became the Russian Empire in 1721." (Document 7)Throughout his rule of Russia in the 18th century, Peter the Great made many economic reforms. During his rule, he greatly tried to modernize the country. Before his reign, most people were assigned to a job based on blood lines. "In 1722, Peter introduced the Table of Ranks, which determined a person's position and status according to service to the tsar rather than to birth or seniority. Even commoners who achieved a certain level on the table were ennobled automatically." (Document 3) Peter also allowed for the state treasury to increase revenue with taxation. He also increased education for the people of Russia. He built many new schools throughout the country. The style of this education was one based on Western Europe. Peter was also concerned with trade and commerce, in his will it reads, "Seek the alliance with England, on account of our commerce, as being the country most useful for the development of our navy (merchants) and for the exchange of our produce against her gold; keep up continued communications with her merchants and sailors, so that our s many acquire experience in commerce and navigation. " (Document 7) Peter is also credited with reorganizing the government structure. This reorganization allowed the local government to maintain order and collect taxes.

After becoming tsar of Russia in 1682, Peter the Great established many types of reforms in Russia. These reforms proved to be positive in modernizing the 18th century Russia. Peter the Great's rule of the country seemed to be one of the most influential.

Works CitedHistory Learning Site.com Peter the Great. 29 September 2007.

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/peter_the_great.htmMiliukov, Pavel. Reforms of Peter the Great. (Document 4)Rousset de Missy, Jean. Life of Peter the Great. 1730. (Document 2)Russia Peter the Great and Russian Empire. The library of Congress Country Studies. (Document 3 and Document 7)Will of Peter the Great. (Document 6)

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Educational and Social Reforms of Peter the Great.

    ...Educational and Social reforms of Peter the Great. From January 1, 1700, Peter the Great introduced a new chronology, making the Russian calendar conform to European usage with regard to the year, which in Russia had hitherto been numbered “from the Creation of the World” and had begun on September 1 (he adhered however to the Julian Old St...

    Read More
  • Peter the Great

    ...Westernization under Peter the Great The impact of Westernization under Peter the Great. Virtually every aspect of Russia was affected by reforms during the reign of Peter the Great. His reforms were the most wide-spread ever to take place. Of all of the Czars Peter is one of the most visible and in Russian history. The reforms and w...

    Read More
  • Peter the Great Essay AP Euro

    ... Westernizing the East: Peter the Great AP European History 27.11.2012 The lands of Tsarist Russia once stretched from Scandinavia to the Pacific. The largest landlocked Empire in the world, stretching thousandths of miles across woods, plains, mountains, deserts, and the endless Siberian Taiga....

    Read More
  • Peter the Great

    ...WESTERN CIVILISATION GROUP PROJECT by TOPIC: TSAR PETER THE GREAT OF RUSSIA. Revised copy Submitted on: 11th November, 2009. INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the 17th century, Russia was a vast land but was backward in nearly everything according to European standard. The government was an outdated system, the culture...

    Read More
  • Peter the Great

    ...lecture notes, address the following questions: 1. Peter the Great sought to Europeanize Russia, but what aspects of European civilization did he admire and desire to import? 2. What aspects of European civilization did Peter ignore, and why? 3. Did the reign of Peter the Great bring a "revolution from above" in Russian life, or were t...

    Read More
  • Peter the Great

    ...Peter the Great, the Tsar of Russia from 1682-1725 was a hero for the Russian people. He fought to make the country bigger and improve trade, made huge changes in the social and economic structures of Russia, and expanded the Russian military strength into a much larger power. Peter the Great spent two years trying to capture territory near Tur...

    Read More
  • Peter the Great

    ...When you think of Peter I or Peter the Great, as he gave himself that name, one thinks of Russia and the many Tsars that ruled this interesting part of the world. To learn of Peter the Great is to explore his life during 1682 . Peter was responsible for bringing Russia out of darkness and into a more civilized country in hopes that Russia, the...

    Read More
  • Peter the Great—Russian Reformer

    ...hold that his liberal reforms in Russia were mostly for the sake earning the respect of the powers of Western Europe and claim that his despotism outweighs any reforms he made. A greater majority of historians agree that Peter the Great was a despot, but argue that while Peter’s progressive reforms (as will be discussed below) had little effec...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.