Preview

Person Centered Therapy

Powerful Essays
Open Document
Open Document
2327 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Person Centered Therapy
Evaluate the claim that Person-centered Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients.

Introduction

Person-centered therapy is just one of over more than 300 different types of psychotherapy treatments available to clients, illustrated by Holmes and Lindley (1989) as ranging from Active Analytical Psychotherapy to Zaraleya Psychoenergetic Technique. Over the years, these varying schools of thought have not always seen eye to eye with emphasis being placed on differences rather than any commonality leading to much heated debate and discussion over which technique is the most effective for both therapist and client.

Recently however, the wide spectrum of practices have attempted to distill their differences down to the core element that the relationship between the client and the therapist is key to any understanding of the practice of psychotherapy. Back in 1987, Smail (1987) summed up this relationship by illustrating that a therapeutic encounter between a client and therapist offered a rare opportunity to ‘pursue the truth about themselves and their lives…without the threat of blame and disapproval and without the risk of offending or hurting the person to whom they are revealing themselves’.

So amongst all the therapies available to the therapist and client, can Person Centered Therapy (PCT), be considered the best framework for both parties to work within? What is Person-centered Therapy – is it a technique? Where does its strengths lie and what are the perceived weaknesses within its approach leveled at it by its critics?

PCT – An overview

PCT was developed by Carl Rogers, an American Psychologist who chose to follow a humanistic approach in contrast to the Freudian route of Psychodynamics or Jung’s analytical psychology. Both he, and Abraham Maslow, another theorist who contributed greatly to Person-Centered counselling, emphasised the uniqueness and positive nature of humans along with being equally

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Anderson decrease his depression Person-centered therapy. Person-centered therapy (PCT), also known as "client-centered," "non-directive," or "Rogerian therapy," is an approach to counseling and psychotherapy that places much of the responsibility for the treatment process on the "client" (the term preferred over "patient"), with the therapist taking a nondirective role (Friedrich, 2012).This type of therapy diverged from the traditional model of the therapist as expert and moved instead toward a nondirective, empathic approach that empowers and motivates the client in the therapeutic process (Goodtherapy). Mental health professionals who utilize this approach strive to create a therapeutic environment that is conformable, non-judgmental and empathetic (Cherry). PCT therapist are known to work to help clients live full lives of self-understanding, reduction in defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity as well as more positive and comfortable relationship with others and increased capacity to experience and express their feeling. During weekly meetings Mr. Anderson and the therapist will work together to help Mr. Anderson gain a clear understanding of his internal thoughts. The main goal in using person-centered therapy with Mr. Anderson is to help him live his life with full self-understanding, reduction of defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity as well as more positive and comfortable relationship with others and increased capacity to experience and express their feelings. By the conclusion of this intervention we hope that Mr. Anderson has increased his…

    • 574 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Firstly I will begin by looking at the theory behind each of the main concepts. I will begin with the Humanistic Approach. Person-centred therapy is a non-scientific concept, developed by Carl Rogers. Rogers believed that we are all born with the ability to gain self-actualisation and have an organismic self. e He quoted, “the organism has one basic tendency and striving-to actualise, maintain and enhance the experiencing organism.” (Rogers, 1951, p487) However, the organismic self can be infringed upon by conditions of worth placed upon us in early childhood and thus for the positive regard of others, we may ignore our internal valuing for the love of significant others. Rogers called this the adapted self.…

    • 2615 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Lees-Oakes, R. (2011) Person-Centred Therapy – A Critique. Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-Mx0fsFkBs (Accessed 27 April 2013)…

    • 3372 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    “Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients”…

    • 2513 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    My aim is to explore Carl Roger's theory that Person Centred Therapy was a complete system for therapists to offer help in a counselling way to clients presenting with a full variety of issues. I will do this by establishing my understanding of the basic theory, discussing the strengths and weaknesses of Rogers theory and consider other opinions / arguments, and conclude with my thoughts on how this theory may be beneficial in treating specific psychological disorders.…

    • 2987 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    “Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients”…

    • 2385 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Mearns, D. and Cooper, M. (2005). Working at Relational Depth in Counselling and Psychotherapy. London: Sage.…

    • 2922 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Since the late twentieth century, psychotherapy has prescribed various aspects of studying psychology, and has identified critical approaches in counseling. Different theories and models have been developed applicable to different situations in psychotherapy. Individuals undergoing psychological or emotional difficulties can be assisted by the help of Person Centered Therapy and cognitive behavioral Therapy. These two models of therapies have certain fundamental similarities and distinct differences in regards to various assumptions and goals of each. Person Centered Therapy was first coined by Carl Rogers during the 1940s, and has demonstrated critical theoretical model of counseling. It was developed in three phases with the first phase…

    • 291 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    According to Cooper and McLeod (2011) “person-centered understanding of therapeutic change necessitates an openness to, and appreciation of, the many different ways in which clients may benefit from therapy—including, but not limited to, established person-centered and experiential practices.” So, this theory will benefit Ana. Ana has been feeling depressed and anxious because she has lost her job and will soon have nowhere to leave. Person- Centered therapy will help Ana by first focusing on her and then the rest of the other problems. According to McLeod (2015) “Rogers developed his theory based on his work with emotionally troubled people and claimed that we have a remarkable capacity for self-healing and personal growth leading towards self-actualization.” Therefore, person-centered will be the best theory because it will focus to self-heal and then lead to personal growth. Person- Centered focuses on the client and not the…

    • 573 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    History and Theories

    • 1230 Words
    • 4 Pages

    References: Cooper, M., & McLeod, J. (2011). Person-centered therapy: A pluralistic perspective. Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies, 10(3), 210-223. Doi:10.1080/14779757.2011.599517…

    • 1230 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In the beginning of this paper, I state my point of view about integration of different theories and my main ground on practicing person-centered theory. Then I start to make critical reflections on different aspects of…

    • 4220 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Rogerian Therapy

    • 1990 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The task looks challenging, but it fits the philosophic vision of person-centered therapy that places the person to the center of the therapeutic process rather than the problem presented by that person (Corey, 2013). In many respects, person-centered therapy does not tell anything new about counselors' effectiveness: in all therapies, theories, and practice models, an effective counselor is that who can be authentic and sincere with the client (Corey,…

    • 1990 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The major techniques of person centered therapy are focusing, clarification and reflection of feeling (Tosi, 1987). Focusing facilitates the client awareness of their incongruences and allowing them to grasp their feelings in the counseling process. Clarification is when the client becomes aware of their emotion. Reflection is not only mirroring but it also encouragers the client to become deeper involved with their emotion. Roger believed that the goal of person centered lied upon these factors and would have a better progress with the client then any technique.…

    • 2761 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Person Centered Therapy

    • 970 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Carl Rogers developed Person-Centered Therapy (PCT) in the 1940s (Rogers & Maslow, 2008). PCT can be used with individuals, group settings, or within family therapy. PCT is a way of supporting and working with people within a mind frame of an humanistic approach. The process behind PCT involves active listening, thinking together, sharing ideas between practitioner and client, and the therapist being nondirective and supportive within PCT sessions. PCT puts the client at the center of the care process they receive. PCT sets a framework for them to plan and set directives they are needing within a therapeutic setting. The concept of a PCT is that the client is the expert on themselves. The therapist within PCT is just…

    • 970 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Mearns & Thorne (2000) Person-Centred Therapy Today, New Frontiers in Theory and Practice, London: Sage Publications…

    • 4271 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Best Essays