My aim is to explore Carl Roger's theory that Person Centred Therapy was a complete system for therapists to offer help in a counselling way to clients presenting with a full variety of issues. I will do this by establishing my understanding of the basic theory, discussing the strengths and weaknesses of Rogers theory and consider other opinions / arguments, and conclude with my thoughts on how this theory may be beneficial in treating specific psychological disorders.
Carl Rogers was born in 1902 in Illinois USA to a farming family. He was university educated, but opted to join a Christian missionary in New York, rather than farm himself, after he married his “childhood sweetheart” He went on to study psychology at Teachers College, Columbia University after becoming disillusioned with the rigidity of the church. He worked with children and families in New York for 12 years and in this time began to develop his ideas and theories on an individuals capacity for self help (“First Steps in Counselling” P Saunders. 2002 p.36)
Carl Rogers began to write about his theories in 1940 calling it “non directive therapy” he continued to work with young people, and went on to develop his theories throughout the 1950's, publishing his studies in 1951 in “Client Centred Therapy” He continued to work, study, develop his theories and publish work over the next 3 decades, contributing much research in psychotherapy until his death in 1987. At the time he was considered to have seriously challenged mainstream psychology, but now his views are considered by many to have been adopted into main stream culture,
Bibliography: Pete Saunders. 2002 “First Steps in Counselling , A students companion for introductory courses” 3rd Edition, PCCS Books. Chrysalis Course Notes, Year 2 Module 1 page 10 Carl Rogers 1951 “Client Centred Therapy”