Patient Safety

Topics: Health care, Health care provider, Healthcare Pages: 12 (2662 words) Published: July 27, 2010



“The biggest challenge to moving toward a safer health system is changing the culture from one of blaming individuals for errors to one in which errors are treated not as personal failures, but as opportunities to improve the system and prevent harm.”

- Institute of Medicine ‘99

Issues related to a lack of patient safety have been reported for decades. During the first decade of the 21st century, there has been a national focus on improving patient safety. Patient safety is a global issue, affecting countries at all levels of development and is one of the nation's most pressing health care challenges. According to the Institute of Medicine (1999), they have estimated that as many as 44,000 to 98,000 people die in U.S. hospitals each year as the result of lapses in patient safety. Estimates of the size of the problem on this are scarce particularly in developing countries; it is likely that millions of patients worldwide could suffer disabling injuries or death every year due to unsafe medical care.

Healthcare institutions are becoming more aware of the importance of transforming organizational culture in order to improve patient safety. Growing interest in a culture of safety has been accompanied by the need for perception of health care workers on the aspects of patient safety improvement efforts.

International accrediting bodies such as the Joint Commission International (2009) stated that almost 50 percent of their standards are directly related to safety. Beforehand, they have already established National Patient Safety Goals (NPSG) in 2002 to help organizations address specific areas of concern in regards to patient safety.

In the Philippines, we have the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation or better known as PhilHealth that accredits hospitals. Since the start of 2010, all institutions shall be re-accredited to determine whether they shall be awarded either as Center for Safety, Center for Quality or Center for Excellence. To aid them in this process, they have come up with the bench book for hospitals which contains seven performance areas. Among these areas is “Safe Practice and Environment” which contains many core indicators.

The National Core Competency Standards for Filipino Nurses (Board of Nursing, 2005) identified 11 key areas of responsibility, one of which is “Safe and Quality Nursing Care”. A core competency on this area focuses on the promotion safety and comfort and privacy of clients. Since nurses are known to be the front liners in any health care setting, they share several values, beliefs and experiences towards patient safety. There is a need to better understand how nurses perceive the factors affecting patient safety because such findings can be translated into practice, especially in developing and transitional countries like ours.

There is no doubt that patient safety has always and will continue to be an integral part of the delivery of quality patient care, and achieving an acceptable standard of patient safety requires that all healthcare settings develop patient safety systems including both a positive culture of safety and an organizational support for safety processes. The researcher believes that this will not be possible unless the perceptions of the front-line healthcare providers and management are positively managed and directed, this is the main reason why the researcher decided to focus on the said to topic to shed some light in the attempt to know the implications of the identified factors affecting patient safety to the delivery of quality health care.


The study sought to identify the factors affecting patient safety as perceived by staff nurses.

Specifically, the researcher attempts to answer the following questions regarding the perceived factors affecting patient safety:...

Bibliography: Treece and Treece (1986). Elements of Nursing Research. St. Loui: The CV Mosby Company.
Downie, N. (1984). Basic Statistical Methods 5th Ed. Harper & Row Publishers Inc.
WHO (2008)
Sorra, J. (2003).Safety culture assessment: a tool for improving patient safety
in healthcare organizations
Institute of Medicine (2001). Crossing the quality chasm: a new health system for the
21st century
Institute of Medicine (1999). To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington, DC: National Academy Press
Church A, Waclawski J
Kraut AI, ed. (1996) Organizational surveys: tools for assessment and change. San
Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bodur, S. (2009). A survey on patient safety culture in primary healthcare services in Turkey. International Journal for Quality in Health Care Advance Access (originally published online on August 22, 2009)
Smits, M
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Clinical Governance and Patient Safety Essay
  • Patient Safety/Quality Care/Improvement Case Study Essay
  • Essay about Joint Commission- National Patient Safety Goals
  • Patient Safety Essay
  • Essay on Priotizing Patient Safety
  • Essay about Patient Safety Initiatives in the Hospital Setting
  • Bar Code Scanning and Patient Safety Essay
  • Essay on The Patient Safety Movement

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free