The Parliamentary system vs. The Presidential system
Characteristics of the systemsThe presidential system is a political system that holds the president as head of the government and the chief executive chosen in a democratic election. The president holds the office for a fixed term, which in the U.S. is for four years. There is separation of powers due to the fact that there is no overlap between the executive and the legislature and there are independent of one another. Being so, the president has no right in removing any of the legislature form office unless a vote is done under certain conditions. In this system there are limited number of parties and usually a two-party system. In the United States there is also a first-past-the-post electoral system and the offices are elected usually by the individual not as a party.
The parliamentary system is a political system that the head of the government role and the head of the state role are both assigned to separate executive individuals. The Prime Minister is the chief executive the leader of the party, which gets the majority of the vote to the legislature but does not hold a fixed term. The separation of powers is very
Bibliography: rmeanu, Oana. Lecture 15 Notes. Governing Systems and Executive-Legislative Relations.(2007, March 3). Governing Systemsand Executive-Legislative Relations: Presidential,Parliamentary and Hybrid Systems.http://magnet.undp.org/docs/parliaments/governing%20system.htm. Lijphart, Arend. Parlimentary versus Presidential Government. 2nd ed. London : Oxford UnivertyPress, 1992O 'Neil, Patrick. Essentials of Comparative Politics. 1st ed. New York, New York: W.W. Norton& Company, 2004.