Papaya: commonly known as “Papaw”
Background and Overview of the Industry
Papaya is one of the most common tropical fruits in the Philippines, fruits are available throughout the year. The fruit is a berry, ovoid-oblong, pyriform or nearly cylindrical, varies greatly in size according to variety fleshy, longitudinally groved externally, yellowish green, yellow or orange-yellow when ripe, and yellow-orange or red inside. It is high in vitamin C, iron, calcium, phosphorus, thiamine, riboflavin, carotene and niacin content. In 2010, papaya ranked 5th in volume produced (165,981 tons), next only to banana, pineapple, mango and citrus. Papaya production is widely dispersed, grown mostly by backyard-scale growers. About 80% of all papaya growers have less than 3 hectares. Most of the production area is located in Southern Tagalog region, in the main island of Luzon. It is a very important fruit crop in the Philippines because of the following reasons I’d like to mention. The said fruit is used in many ways in the Philippines, 92% of the total papaya production is consumed locally as food. An additional 6% is either exported for food or used for industrial applications. While the country was able to generate an average of US$ 1.33M/yr from 2005-2010, papaya export has been very erratic. An emerging market for papaya is the cosmetics industry. Papaya extracts are used as special ingredients in soaps, shampoos and other cosmetics. The Philippine papaya has several varieties. These are ‘Solo,’ ‘Cavite Special,’ ‘Legaspi Special,’ ‘Morado,’ and the ‘Sinta’ hybrid. The Solo papaya, a hermaphrodite, is so-called because one fruit (about 0.45 kg) is enough for one individual’s consumption. It has four different types, namely: ‘Kapoho,’ ‘Waimanalo,’ and he red-fleshed ‘Sunrise’ and ‘Sunset’. It produces high-quality fruits with excellent flavor, which is suited for the export market which is PCARRD 1984. In fact, our country export variety for fresh papaya is based mainly on Solo papaya, which is grown in large farms owned by multinational companies. Internationally, it is produced in about 60 countries, with the vast majority being grown in developing economies. There are two main types of papaya cultivated: small-sized (aka Hawaiian papayas) and large-sized (aka Mexican papayas). Among the small-sized papayas, the Solo-type is the most widely known; it originated in Barbados and was later taken to Hawaii, where it became one of the flagship export products from Hawaii, and thus the title "Hawaiian" papayas. Maradol is the best known papaya cultivar among the large-sized (Mexican) papayas Gaining in popularity worldwide, papaya is now ranked as the third most traded tropical fruit (excluding bananas), behind mangoes and pineapples. In volume, world exports of fresh papayas exceeded 279,000 t in 2009, with a market value of $197 million. Despite a long-term upward trend in exports, papaya has a low export ratio, with less than 3 percent of global papaya production traded internationally, compared to 25 percent and 11 percent for bananas and apples, respectively. On the other hand, the global papaya industry faces two major problems: the papaya ringspot virus (PRSV), a disease that drastically reduces fruit yield, fruit size and quality, and in some cases results in total loss of production. PRSV, whose pathogenic agent is carried out by an aphid, has wiped out entire papaya plantations in several countries. PRSV has severely limited the world expansion of papaya production; for example, because of this disease, papaya production in Hawaii almost disappeared in the 1990s Supply and Demand
Key Industry Players
Generally, the Philippine papaya industry’s key players can be classified as papaya growers, contract growers, input suppliers, consumers, and exporters. Papaya growers can be differentiated based on the...
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