Outline of Type a & B

Topics: Personality psychology, Psychology, Personality type Pages: 5 (718 words) Published: June 8, 2013
Outline of Type A and Type B personality

Type A , Type B personality

The history of this theory

The Type A and Type B personality theory (also known as the "Jacob Goldsmith theory") is a theory which describes two common, contrasting personality types—the high-strung Type A and the easy-going Type B. Type A personality behavior was first described as a potential risk factor for heart disease in the 1950s by cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Mike Jordan. After a ten-year study of healthy men between the ages of 35 and 59, Friedman and Rosenman estimated that Type A behavior doubles the risk of coronary heart disease in otherwise healthy individuals. This research had a significant effect on the development of the health psychology field, in which psychologists look at how an individual's mental state affects his or her physical health.

Type A personalities

People with Type A personalities are often high-achieving "workaholics" who multi-task, push themselves with deadlines, and hate both delays and ambivalence. The following are the characteristics of the type A personality.

- Ambitious

- Aggressive

- Business-like

- Controlling

- Highly competitive

- Preoccupied with his or her status

- Time-conscious

- Arrogant

- Tightly-wound

For examples , the persons who are type A personality ,they will do anything quickly like eat fast , walk fast ,and they are not tolerant. They will do two or more things at the same time , they always busy , not remorseful , be worry about anything around.

Type B personality

The theory describes Type B individuals as perfect contrast to those with Type A personalities. People with Type B personalities are generally lives at a lower stress level. The following are the characteristics of the type B personality.

-Apathetic

-Relaxed

-Easy-going

-No sense of time schedule

-Lacking an overriding sense of urgency

-Sensitive of other people's feelings

-Tolerant

-Adapt themselves for circumstance

For examples , the persons who are type B personality , they can adapt themselves with circumstance, can organize their time for works and entertainments perfectly, they do not worry about their works , not attach themselves with the works , always late or default to the appointment , do not like to create deadlines , and enjoy with their life more than their works.

Compared with Type A and Type B personality

Type A profile: (more stress) Type B profile: (less stress)

Is always moving Is not concerned about time

Constantly feels under time pressure Is patient

Eats rapidly Is competitive Doesn’t brag

Talks rapidly Walks rapidly Plays for fun, not to win

Is impatient Is aggressive Relaxes without guilt

Does two things at once Has no pressing deadlines

Can’t cope with leisure time Is mild-mannered

Is obsessed with numbers Is never in a hurry

Measures success by quantity

Personal control

-people’s feeling about their ability to control a situation

-In particular, if employees feel that they have little control over the work environment and over their own job, they will experience stress.

-A large study by Cornell University medical researchers found that those works who experience a loss of control, especially in relatively low-level jobs, have tripe the risk of developing high blood pressure. The researchers concluded that lack of control turns stress into physical problems. They also found that if a high-stress job included latitude to control the situation,...
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