Styl as a branch.Types and branches
St. is a branch of general linguistics which studies the principle and effect of choice and usage of different lg elements in rendering thought and emotion under different conditions of commun Types-Linguo-stylistics-is a science of functional styles and expressive potential of lg. Literary st-sdudies the style of various writers or literary movements, it deals with study of real text with the aim of discovering how content is expressed due to deviation of the norm.Decoding st is engaged in the study of the esthetic value of a text based on the interaction of specific textual elements, SD and compositional structure in the delivering the authers message.Contrastive st studies the stylistic resources,st speech factors of contrasted lgs and allomorphic features in st systems of lgs in comparison. Branches-stylistic semasiology investigates st phenomena in the sphere of semantics(i.e.meanings,regardless) Lexicology studies the semantic structure of the word,styl function of the vocab and meaning of words in context.Morphology investigates the stylistic potential of specific grammatical forms and categories(number of noun)Syntax deals with the expr order of words,types of syntax link,figures of speech.Phonostylistics is endgaged in the study of style-forming phonetic features of the text. Stylistic analysis in linguistics refers to the identification of patterns of usage in speech and writing. Stylistic analysis in literary is usually made for the purpose of commenting on quality and meaning in a text. It is practised as a part of understanding the possible meanings in a text. St analysis and it levels requires the following things:choice of lg meaning,how these choice are combined,what is the result of these combination, feeling what is normal,usual in lg and what is new,how these things are expressed.St anal is based on our knowledge of lg.The scientist single out 5 levels phonetic,morphemic,lexical,syntactical,textual. The method of analysis can be seen as looking at the text in great detail, observing what the parts are, and saying what function they perform in the context of the passage. For instance, even casual communication such as a manner of speaking or a personal letter might have an individual style. However, to give a detailed account of this style requires the same degree of linguistic analysis as literary texts.
Expressive Means and Stylistic Devices Em-are those linguistic forms and properties that have the potential to make the utterance emphatic or expressive. SD is a conscious and intentional intensification of some typical structure and semantic property of a lg unit promoted to a generalized status and thus becoming a generative model. All stylistic means of a language can be divided into expressive means, which are used in some specific way, and special devices called stylistic devices. Phonetic expressive means include pitch, melody, stresses, pauses, whispering, singing, and other ways of using human voice. Morphological expressive means are emotionally coloured suffixes of diminutive nature: -y (-ie), -let (sonny auntie, girlies). To lexical expressive means belong words, possessing connotations, such as epithets, poetic and archaic words, slangy words, vulgarisms, and interjections. A chain of expressive synonymic words always contains at least one neutral synonym. A chain of expressive synonyms used in a single utterance creates the effect of climax (gradation). To syntactic expressive means belong emphatic syntactic constructions. Such constructions stand in opposition to their neutral equivalents. Alliteration is a st device based on the repetition of similar consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of successive words.It’s often used in newspaper headlines, proverbs, set expressions. (As blind as bat; Pride and prejudice. Sense and sensibility. The school of scandal) Assonance is the repetition of similar vowels usually in stressed syllables. (Nor...
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