Organizational Culture in Japanese Companies

Topics: Organizational culture, Organizational studies, Organization Pages: 47 (8418 words) Published: June 20, 2014

 

110114369
Student ID number:

Mod 060 Culture and
Module name:

Innovation in
Organizations
Organizational Culture

Assignment title:

(OC) and the Impact on
Innovation in Japanese
Companies
5510

Effective word count
(words used):

2014 May, the 13 th
Assignment deadline:

I confirm that I have read
the University regulations
on plagiarism, and this


 

assignment is my own
work.


 

Organizational Culture (OC) and the Impact on Innovation in Japanese Companies

Abstract
A series of studies has been made to define the origin of organizational culture (here and further OC) and the influence of leadership perceptions on the change process. These studies include the theories of Schein, Hofstede, and Johnson, who all related different views on the ways of identifying OC and creating leadership process within a variety of organizational settings. This study assesses the views of people working in Japanese companies to determine perspectives on OC in these companies and the major issues related to leadership that can hinder the application of innovative change (Hall, 2014).

This assignment provides the explanation what is culture, what considered being innovation and culture influences on innovation. Also it will describe how overall culture affects organizational culture, which further influences innovation and how the organizational culture appears as an important basis for innovation. In this paper, the different dimensions of culture will be introduced and relationship between macro culture and sub-cultures in the specific application to Japan will be analysed and described. Research is based on interviews with various CEOs, both foreign and local.


 

Research also applies a case study approach to viewing the process of change in Japanese organizations and offers recommendations.


 


 

C ONTENTS
I. Introduction ................................................................................... 6

1.1 Definitions of OC. Dimensions , Typologies and Frameworks ...........................8 2. Critical Review ........................................................................... 11

2.1 Schein and Hofstede ............................................................................................12 2.2 Johnson’s Mapping ..............................................................................................14 2.3 Climate/Cultural Differences and OC ...............................................................15 2.3 Leadership Influence and OC Evolution ............................................................17 2.4 Impacts of OC on Innovation ..............................................................................19 3. Case Studies ................................................................................ 20

3.1 Exploring OCs: The Use of Case Studies ..........................................................20 3.2 Case Material .......................................................................................................23 4. Recommendations ........................................................................ 26 5. References ................................................................................... 28

I. I NTRODUCTION
What is Culture? Schein sees it existing on the four levels
Macro cultures → Nations, ethic, religious group, occupations Organizational → Private, public, non-profit, government


 

Sub cultures → Occupational groups within organizations
Micro → Microsystems within or outside organizations
With addition and a small difference Hofstede describes layers of culture existing on the five levels, based on quantative research
- national level
- regional level
- generational level
- social class level
And for those who are employed , organizational level (Hofstede 2001). All these social and business theorists have related conceptual views of organizational...

References: - social class level
And for those who are employed , organizational level (Hofstede 2001).
2014). For example, Schein (2004) and Hofstede (2001) have rated the essential
characteristics of organizational culture (OC), the impacts of leadership, and the
(Hall, 2014). This information can be used to gain practical insight into the factors
that support innovation in business settings.
(2009), Ravasi and Schultz (2006)).
Another view on OC represented by Needle (2004), and he argues that
organizational culture is a product of such factors as history, product, market,
The general well-known definition is “the way we do things around here” suggested
by Lundy & Cowling (1996).
organizational culture is impacted by the power and structure controlled by leaders
that define how a group or organization functions (Mats and Stefan, 2008)
(2004) maintained that organizational culture is generally created by the leaders of
an organization or by critical incidents that occur during the lifetime of an
mission of the organization. Dowling (1993) maintained that organizational

Subsequently, it includes members of the organization and originates within the
structure and function of the organization (Olins, 1989)
outcomes will benefit more from addressing OC factors than developing a new
operational strategy” (Hall, 2014)
values, views and goals, symbols and artefacts are the basis of the group culture,
which had been formed historically and economically (Schein, 2004)
(Schein, 2010).
initiatives (Hall, 2014). Analysis of an organizational culture requires an
identification of the elements present in an organization that define the culture, as
maintained by Schein (2004).
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay on organizational culture
  • Organizational Culture Essay
  • Organizational Culture and National Culture in Multinational Companies Essay
  • Organizational Culture Essay
  • Analyzing Organizational Culture Essay
  • Essay about culture
  • Organizational Culture Essay
  • Organizational culture Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free