The study of human behavior, attitudes, and performance in organizations
1. O.B. is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization’s effectiveness. 2. O.B. can be defined as the systematic study of the actions and reactions of individuals, groups and sub-systems. 3. O.B. is the study and understanding of individual and group behavior, patterns of structure in order to to help improve organizational performance and effectiveness. 4. O.B. is one of the most complex and perhaps least understood academic elements of modern general management, but since it concerns the behaviour of people within organizations it is also one of the most central- its concern with individual and group patterns of behavior makes it an essential element in dealing with the complex behavioral issues thrown up in the modern business world. 5. O.B. is an inter-disciplinary behavior science studying phenomena and dynamics (processes) of organizations and their various units.
ORIGINS OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR
Many of the important contributions to Organizational Behavior have come from Psychology. Psychological theories have helped us explain and predict individual behavior. Many of the theories are dealing with personality; attitude, learning, motivation, and stress have been applied in Organizational Behavior to understand work-related phenomena such as job satisfaction, commitment, absenteeism, turnover, and worker well-being. Sociologists, studying the structure and function of small groups within a society have contributed greatly to a more complete understanding of behavior within organizations. Taking their cue from Sociologists, scholars in the ﬁeld of Organizational Behavior have studied the effects of the structure and functions of work organization on the behavior of groups, as well as the...
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