nvq level 2 unit 422-254

Topics: Disability, Mental disorder, Inclusion Pages: 6 (1748 words) Published: October 11, 2013
Understand Physical Disability

Outcome 1

1. Explain why it is important to recognise and value an individual as a person

A. It is important to recognise an individual as a person as it is their human right to be seen as such. If an individual is not seen as a person it devalues them and isolates them from everyday society making them feel “different”.

2. Describe the importance of recognising an individual’s strengths and abilities

A. Recognising a person’s strengths and abilities encourages independence and gives the person confidence in themselves. Encouragement to use these strengths and abilities also gives the person a feeling of control over their own lives which in turn encourages self-belief and confidence. Recognising strengths and abilities may also develop further skills and help with the likes of rehabilitation.

3. Describe how to work in a person centred way that fully involves the individual.

A. Working in a person centred way should fully involve the individual which means excellent care and a happier individual. To work in a person centred way should involve talking to the individual about their likes and dislikes, discovering how they like things done, and also recognising that people change and so may their care needs as well as routines and what they like. It is also important to recognise that people get bored, so it is important to keep the likes of care plans live, and review with the individual often to keep up with any changes and to ensure the high standards of tailored care is given.

Outcome 2

1. Describe what Is meant by physical disability

A. Physical disability is any disability that limits function of one or more limbs or impairments that limit the function of day to day living such as blindness or epilepsy.

2. Describe what a congenital disability is
A. A congenital disability is a disability that is present at birth and may become more recognisable as the individual gets older, such congenital disabilities include cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis etc.

3. Give examples of congenital disabilities and their causes.

A. Some examples of congenital disabilities are spina bifida caused by the expectant mother not having enough folic acid, medical history of expectant mother, medication taken whilst pregnant (epilepsy medication for example) diabetes, and obesity during pregnancy. Cerebral palsy is another example of congenital disorders caused by premature birth, the mother contracting infection, haemorrhages and sometimes damage to the brain after birth. Muscular dystrophy, yet another example, is caused by mainly genetics and inheriting muscular dystrophy.

4. Describe what progressive disability is.

A. Progressive disability is a condition where once diagnosed, it is expected to worsen over time.

5. Give examples of progressive disabilities and there causes

A. Examples of progressive disabilities are, multiple sclerosis is caused by the immune system attacking the fibres that cover nerve endings (myelin) causing breakdown in communication from nerves to the brain, it is not known what causes this to happen however it is thought that is mainly genetics. Motor neurone disease where the motor neurones lose their function, causes are unknown however it is believed that it is mainly genetic. Alzheimer’s, where the brain structure is damaged due to wastage to part of the brain, the initial causes are unknown however factors that are likely to cause Alzheimer’s are, age, family history, head injuries, vascular diseases and down’s syndrome.

Outcome 3

1. Identify social and physical barriers that can have a disabling effect on an individual

A. Factors that can have a disabling effect on an individual are; Prison life
Poverty
Physical disability
Mental disability
Lack of education
Lack of support
Lack of family input

2. Identify positive and negative attitudes towards individuals with a disability...
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