Outcome 1: Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1. Define the following types of abuse:
Physical abuse - Hitting, slapping, pushing, pinching, kicking and burning. Leaving people to sit in own urine and faeces and forcing them to eat or take medication.
Sexual abuse - Unwanted advances, indecent exposure or harassment, rough washing or touching of the genital area, rape, being forced to watch or participate in sexual acts.
Emotional/psychological abuse - intimidation, not being included or ignored, threats, bullying, humiliating and blaming.
Financial abuse - using an individual’s money without their permission or on items they have not requested. not giving correct change back to individual, misuse of property, possessions or benefits.
Institutional abuse - poor care in to residents in care homes and day centres, Food and special dietary requirements not being followed and rooms and clothing not being cleaned.
Self neglect - Individual not looking after themselves i.e. not washing, not eating
Neglect by others - Inadequate care or denial of an individual 's basic rights.
2. Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
Physical abuse - Unexplained bruises, scratches, cuts, fractures, broken bones and teeth. sprains or dislocations, lacerations, burns - including friction burns and scalds, drowsiness, pressure sores, cowering and flinching, unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, etc.
Sexual abuse - Bruises around genital area, recurrent genital or urinary infections, disturbed sleep patterns, vulnerable adult appears withdrawn and fearful, inappropriate dressing.
Emotional/psychological abuse - Individual appearing afraid or worried, depression, anxiety, withdrawing or refusing affection, fearful or agitation, lower self-esteem and self-confidence, shouting or swearing, behaviours such as rocking, hair twisting and self-mutilation,