NVQ 5 dementia

Topics: Alzheimer's disease, Brain, Neuron Pages: 4 (1460 words) Published: February 25, 2015
Ashley Holland NVQ 5
Dementia

Dementia is a collection of different symptoms these could include, memory loss (this being the most common association), difficulties with thinking and problem solving or language, dementia is caused by damaging of the brain tissue from diseases, such as strokes, Alzhiemers, picks and lewy bodies. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is classically defined as a dual clinicopathological entity. The cause of Alzheimer's disease is unknown. This gap in knowledge has created a stumbling block in the search for a genuinely effective treatment or cure for this dementia, Picks disease (FTD) is defined by focal cortical atrophy involving the frontal and/or temporal lobes associated with severe neuronal loss, spongiosis and in some cases tau-positive inclusions (Pick bodies). FTD is the second commonest cause of presenile dementia

Lewy bodies, named after the doctor who first identified them, are tiny deposits of protein in nerve cells. Researchers don’t have a full understanding of why Lewy bodies appear in the brain, or exactly how they contribute to dementia. However, their presence is linked to low levels of important chemical messengers (mainly acetylcholine and dopamine) and to a loss of connections between nerve cells. Over time, there is progressive death of nerve cells and loss of brain tissue.

Dementia is progressive so will get worse over time. Individuals who suffer dementia will experience different impairments such a decline in memory, loss of skills such as doing their own personal care, tying shoe laces or even remembering to use the toilet. An individual who is suffering with dementia may well have changes in their behaviour, signs of disorientation and confusion may occur, forgetting loved ones and close relatives, they may become physically aggressive these are only some of the changes in behaviour that may occur. An individual’s ability may fluctuate who has dementia. It could be an increased fluctuation as...
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