J/601/2874 Level 2 Dementia Awareness
1. Understanding what dementia is
1.1 Dementia are the signs and symptoms caused as a result of specific diseases such as Alzheimer’s or a stroke that involve the damaging of brain cells; as the brain cells die the person with a dementia will lose their ability to carry out their every day tasks such as personal care and interaction with other people as different parts of the brain are damaged. Dementia affects both older and younger people and the decline in the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die. 1.2 The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are: Frontal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls behaviour, movement, personality and the interpretation of what is around us Parietal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, spacial awareness and recognition of places, objects and people. Occipital Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls eyesight and our ability to see Temporal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls our speech, hearing and memory 1.3 Depression can sometimes be mistaken for dementia because with dementia a person’s behaviour and feeling of well-being can change and cause the person to appear withdrawn and this for example might be mistaken for depression. However, if the person is depressed then it could be the depression not the dementia causing them ill-being. Delirium for example can be brought on as a result of an infection and this might be mistaken with dementia because for example the person could become confused and suffer with memory loss which are also signs and symptoms of dementia. It is very similar for age-related memory impairment; if someone becomes forgetful they might think or others might think they have dementia because a lot of people associate dementia with old age and memory loss but younger people can be affected too 2. Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia 2.1 In the medical model of dementia the dementia itself is the focus rather than the person and it is seen as something that has to be treated and managed. In the social model of dementia it is the reverse of the medical model because the person not the dementia is the focus and what the person needs, their feelings and wishes is the main focus rather than the dementia. 2.2 If social care workers viewed dementia as a disability then they will be accepting that dementia is a disability as it progresses it carries on disabling the brain and its functions; for example someone might become more confused or forgetful. Thinking of dementia as a disability makes social care workers think about how they can change things round and adapt their ways of working to meet the person’s needs and to let them live their lives how they want to; for example if a person with a dementia is difficult to understand when they are speaking it might be better to communicate with them using signs, pictures or writing things down 3. Knowing the most common types of dementia and their causes 3.1 & 3.2
Common cause of dementia
Signs and symptoms
Difficulties with remembering, using language to speak becomes more difficult, thinking and making decisions becomes harder as the person becomes more confused
Difficulties with speaking and using the right language, the person’s balance and co-ordination can be affected as well as memory loss
Dementia with Lewy Bodies
The physical symptoms include can cause the person’s movements to slow down and can make them more likely to have trips and falls. There will be memory loss, difficulties with using language and making decisions. Hallucinations, double vision and problems with balance are also common.
Difficulties with language, behaviour and feelings. The person might have mood swings and variable and...
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