Which of the followig group of people needs a positive protein balance? * A 24 year old woman that is pregnant
Jeff is not an active individual and weighs 176 pounds. His RDA for protein would be * 64
The buildup of excess fluid in extracellular spaces is
Proteins can be broken down to supply energy for the body. How may kcal per gram? * 4 kcal
The R group on some amino acids have a branched chain - Which one of the following is not a branched-chain amino acid? * Peptide
What is the protein requirements for a 154 pound male?
* 70 kilograms
As the body uses glucose to supply energy for the brain, red blood cells, and nervous cell tissues. At rest what percentage of glucose does it take for the body to function? * 19 %
With excess protein intake amino acids are
converted to fat as a last resort
Compared to the other macronutrients, proteins provide a feeling of_________? * satiety after each meal
As an acute illness occurs and the desire for one to eat is lost causing an inadequate calorie intak, this could lead to__________________. Which is the best answer according to the book? * negative protein balance
An essential amino acid
* Cannot be synthesized in the body in sufficient quantity to meet body needs 12 )
A saturated fatty acid contains
* No Double Bonds
Proteins that bind to foreign proteins in the body are
Glucose also is known as
One would be likely to see positive protein balance in all of the following conditions except * Starvation
Maggie has anorexia nervosa and regularly starves herself. She is likely to be in a state of * Negative protein balance
The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun & heat and light is called
Which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in hydrogenated fats? * When consumed, they can raise serum LDL cholesterol
If a person does not eat enough carbohydrate to supply the glucose the body needs, which of the following will happen? * The liver will convert amino acids to glucose
What enzyme is released by the stomach to digest protein?
An essential omega-3 fatty acid with 18 carbons and 3 double bonds is called?
* Alpha-linoleic acid
A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of
* Two Monosaccharides
Lipoproteins contain all of the following components except? * Carbohydrates
Which of the following is a major source of lactose?
* Skim Milk
Triglycerides in food are said to have satiety value because * They are high in kcalories
The safest way to get measurable heart disease risk-reducing benefits from consuming omega-3 fatty acids, would be to * Eat oily fish, such as salmon, 2 times a week
Phospholipids differ from triglycerides in which of the following ways? * A compound containing phosphorus replaces at least one fatty acid 30 )
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the
Mouth with Salivary amylase
Major fructose sources include
* Fruits and Honey
Which of the following is an essential fatty acid?
In terms of heart disease risk, which of the following is true? * As HDL cholesterol levels increase there is an increased risk 34 )
How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? * 130
The major dietary factor to be concerned about in relation to heart disease is total fat
Which of the following contains the most cholesterol?
Lactose intolerance is caused by
* Lactase deficiency
Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? * Insulin
The major fat-digesting enzyme is
* Pancreatic lipase
Which of the following foods would have the most fiber?
* Kidney beans
When insulin is released it causes
* Muscle and fat cells to increase glucose uptake
The lipoprotein that carries triglyceride made by the liver to the rest of the body is the
* Very-low-density lipoprotein