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Nutrition and Omega-3 Fatty Acid

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Nutrition and Omega-3 Fatty Acid
1 )
Which of the followig group of people needs a positive protein balance? * A 24 year old woman that is pregnant
2 )
Jeff is not an active individual and weighs 176 pounds. His RDA for protein would be * 64
3 )
The buildup of excess fluid in extracellular spaces is * Edema
4 )
Proteins can be broken down to supply energy for the body. How may kcal per gram? * 4 kcal
5 )
The R group on some amino acids have a branched chain - Which one of the following is not a branched-chain amino acid? * Peptide
6 )
What is the protein requirements for a 154 pound male? * 70 kilograms
7 )
As the body uses glucose to supply energy for the brain, red blood cells, and nervous cell tissues. At rest what percentage of glucose does it take for the body to function? * 19 %
8 )
With excess protein intake amino acids are converted to fat as a last resort
9 )
Compared to the other macronutrients, proteins provide a feeling of_________? * satiety after each meal
10 )
As an acute illness occurs and the desire for one to eat is lost causing an inadequate calorie intak, this could lead to__________________. Which is the best answer according to the book? * negative protein balance

11 )
An essential amino acid * Cannot be synthesized in the body in sufficient quantity to meet body needs
12 )
A saturated fatty acid contains * No Double Bonds
13 )
Proteins that bind to foreign proteins in the body are * Antibodies
14 )
Glucose also is known as * Dextrose
15 )
One would be likely to see positive protein balance in all of the following conditions except * Starvation
16 )
Maggie has anorexia nervosa and regularly starves herself. She is likely to be in a state of * Negative protein balance
17 )
The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun & heat and light is called * Photosyntesis
18 )
Which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in hydrogenated fats? * When consumed, they can raise serum LDL cholesterol
19 )
If a person does not eat enough carbohydrate to supply the glucose the body needs, which of the following will happen? * The liver will convert amino acids to glucose
20 )
What enzyme is released by the stomach to digest protein? * Pepsin
23 )
An essential omega-3 fatty acid with 18 carbons and 3 double bonds is called? * Alpha-linoleic acid
24 )
A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of * Two Monosaccharides
25 )
Lipoproteins contain all of the following components except? * Carbohydrates
26 )
Which of the following is a major source of lactose? * Skim Milk
27 )
Triglycerides in food are said to have satiety value because * They are high in kcalories
28 )
The safest way to get measurable heart disease risk-reducing benefits from consuming omega-3 fatty acids, would be to * Eat oily fish, such as salmon, 2 times a week
29 )
Phospholipids differ from triglycerides in which of the following ways? * A compound containing phosphorus replaces at least one fatty acid
30 )
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the Mouth with Salivary amylase
31 )
Major fructose sources include * Fruits and Honey
32 )
Which of the following is an essential fatty acid? Linoleic
33 )
In terms of heart disease risk, which of the following is true? * As HDL cholesterol levels increase there is an increased risk
34 )
How many grams of carbohydrate, per day, must humans consume to avoid ketosis? * 130
35 )
The major dietary factor to be concerned about in relation to heart disease is total fat
36 )
Which of the following contains the most cholesterol? * liver
37 )
Lactose intolerance is caused by * Lactase deficiency
38 )
Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state? * Insulin
39 )
The major fat-digesting enzyme is * Pancreatic lipase
40 )
Which of the following foods would have the most fiber? * Kidney beans
41 )
When insulin is released it causes * Muscle and fat cells to increase glucose uptake
42 )
The lipoprotein that carries triglyceride made by the liver to the rest of the body is the * Very-low-density lipoprotein

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