NT1430 Unit 1 Chapter 1 Exercises

Topics: Linux kernel, User, Unix Pages: 3 (638 words) Published: March 30, 2015

Chapter 1
1. What is free software? List three characteristics of free software. Free software is software that gives you the user the freedom to share study and modify it. We call this free software because the user is free. 1. Operational Characteristics, 2. Transition Characteristics, 3. Revision Characteristics. 4. What is the Free Software Foundation/GNU? What is Linux? Which parts of the Linux operating system did each provide? Who else has helped build and refine this operating system?

The Free Software Foundation is the principal organizational sponsor of the GNU Project. GNU developed many of the tools, including the C compiler, that are part of the Linux operating system. Linux is the name of the operating system kernel developed by Linus Torvalds, which has since been expanded and improved by thousands of people on the Internet. Torvalds’s kernel and GNU’s tools work together as the Linux operating system.

Chapter 2
1. Briefly, what does the process of installing an operating system such as Fedora/RHEL involves?
Installing Fedora/RHEL is the process of copying operating system files from a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive to hard disks on a system and setting up configuration files so Linux runs properly on the hardware. Several types of installations are possible, including fresh installations, upgrades from older releases of Fedora/RHEL, and dual-boot installations.

Chapter 3
1. What is a live system? What advantages does it have over an installed system?
A live system usually means an OS booted on a computer from a removable medium (such as CD-ROM, USB stick, or network), ready to use without any installation on the usual drives, with an auto configuration done at runtime. Advantages are Customization, cost, free market, stability, and community. 4. Where on the disk should you put your /boot partition or the root (/) partition if you do not use a /boot partition?

The reason why it mattered in older systems was that the BIOS...
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