Nervous System

Powerful Essays
Nervous System
Presented to: Miss Raheela Tariq

Haider Iqbal (L12-5532)
Sarah Ali (L12-4074)
Aamna Akram (L12-4253)
Momina Zaidi (L12-4063)
Zaid Zafar Usmani (L12-4261)
Mutahar Maqbool (L12-4092)
Arslan Manzoor (L11-4664)

Division of Work

Haider Iqbal Case Study, Conclusion and Compilation

Sarah Ali Nervous System, Neurons and Neurotransmitters

Aamna Akram Peripheral Nervous System and Autonomous Nervous System

Momina Zaidi Somatic Nervous System and Endocrine System

Zaid Z. Usmani Spinal Cord

Mutahar Maqbool Mid Brain and Hind Brain

Arslan Manzoor Brain Introduction, Brain facts and Forebrain

Table of Contents
Summary 4
The nervous system explanation 5
Neurons 8
Neurotransmitters 18
Brain 23 Forebrain 26 Midbrain 30 Hind Brain 30
Spinal Cord 32
Structure of spinal cord 32
Function of spinal cord 33
Blood supply to spinal cord 35
Peripheral nervous system 43
Autonomic Nervous system 38
Somatic Nervous System 45
Endocrine System 48
Case Study 54
Conclusion 56

MCQs 57

Fill In the blanks 61
True/False 62
Bibliography 64

Summary
The nervous system is composed of all nerve tissues in the body. The functions of nerve tissue are to receive stimuli, transmit stimuli to nervous centers, and to initiate response. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord and serves as the collection point of nerve impulses. The peripheral nervous system includes all nerves not in the brain or spinal cord and connects all parts of the body to the central nervous system. The somatic nervous system controls functions that are under conscious voluntary control such as skeletal muscles and sensory neurons of the skin. The autonomic nervous system, mostly motor nerves, controls functions of involuntary smooth muscles, cardiac muscles, and glands. In peripheral nervous system, a chemical neurotransmitter carries the nerve impulses from neuron to



Bibliography: 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/ 2. http://psychology.about.com/ 3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_cord 4. http://www.odec.ca/projects/2004/syed4s0/public_html/ns.htm 5. http://www.essays.cc/free_essays/f4/rsk270.shtml 6. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1948687-overview#aw2aab6b3 7. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_does_the_peripheral_nervous_system_do_for_the_nervous_system#slide=2 8. http://www.advantagewoundcare.org/pdf/case_study_3.pdf 9. http://www.primaryissues.org/2012/08/case-parkinsins/print/ 10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_neurological_conditions_and_disorders

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