NATURE VS NURTURE
I. Human development is based in 2 assumptions
A. having the capacity to become a member of human society B. becoming a social being through interaction
II. Nature and Nurture
implies the contribution of heredity to the human being human potential determiner
examples: height, weight, health
all things that influence
affects our human potential
examples: nutrition, emotional experiences, psychological experiences
III. The effects of nature and nurture are inseparable.
A. There is an interaction that exists between the 2.
Nature- inherited through genes (could either be musical, verbal, mathematical, etc.); one may have a complex mix Nurture-factors that may affect intelligence: diet, exercise, environment
IV. Social Isolation- depriving human beings from social experience - through this we can see the crucial role of social experience to human development -Sociologist Kingsley Davis
A. Isabelle’s Case- a 6 yr. old child, with rickets, was raised by her mute and deaf mother in her grandfather’s attic B. Anna’s Case- a child who was isolated and shut-off from her family
V. Feral Children- untamed, savage, and wild
- suffered from extreme social isolation -has lived away from human contact from a very young age
-raised in the wild by wild animals
- Richard P. Appelbaum and William J. Chambliss (1997)
A. Genie’s Case- a child who was raised in near isolation for the first twelve years of her life B. Victor’s Case- a French feral child who spent his majority of childhood in the woods VI. Institutionalized Children- Rene Spitz (1945)
A. Compared the infants in an orphanage with those in the in a women’s prison nurseries
VII. Harlow Study- “Monkey Love Experiment” by Harry Harlow (1950s) A. Infants monkeys developed greater social attachments from their need for warmth, comport, and intimacy than...
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