National Security

Topics: Gang, Crime, Criminology Pages: 10 (3094 words) Published: August 25, 2013
ASP. Moncy Duncan
Antigua/Barbuda

RSS Distance Learning assignment
Hon. Fitzroy Gatham
Minister of National Security
Palmolive Ave.
Jasper City
Cargan.

17th July, 2013.

Report on the apparent growth of gangs and organized crime in the country of Cargan outlining the strategy to be implemented by the Gang Task Force to reduce the negative impact of gangs and organized crime. Objectives

* Formulate Gang Reduction Strategy to lessen the impact of gangs and organized crime. * Community mobilization and integration of community resources * Sustainable and effective gang enforcement

Research Method – exploratory
Data Collection Methods: Surveys, Observation, Interviews, documents, census Rationale – Ministers of government main function is to formulate policy, therefore proposing a strategy for implementation on a national level, the information should be credible, compelling and relevant in regards to background and current situation. Subsequently, the research and data collection methods chosen provides the scope and depth to gather and present the information. Definitions:

Gang – a group of people who associate together or act as an organized body, especially for criminal or illegal purposes. They share a common group name, symbols, and style of dress and frequently congregate upon, or lay claim to a geographic location.

ASP. Moncy Duncan
Antigua and Barbuda

Organized Crime - a term which categorize transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals, who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for monetary profit. Subculture – the way of life, customs and ideas of a particular group of people within a society, which are different from the rest of that society. Introduction

A series of tragic and high-profile shootings has raised the issue of gang membership in both the public consciousness and the political arena. With a background of hooded youngsters posing with guns being aired on the television news, there have been renewed calls for attempts either to crack down on the activities of these youngsters or otherwise to prevent them from becoming involved in gang violence. Since the mid - 20th century gangs and organized crime in this country has become widespread. They are a growing problem and have become a matter of great public concern. All twelve (12) districts report gangs and organized crime problems, and reports have increased for five of the past seven years. Despite the steady growth in the number and size of gangs across Cargan and the criminal behavior and violence they spawn, little is known about the dynamics that drive gangs and how to best combat their growth. For instance, no consensus exists on how gangs form, why youth join gangs, the risk factors and attractions that increase youth’s propensity to join gangs and few gang prevention programs have been rigorously evaluated. Gangs are engaged in a variety of criminal activities – mostly the sale of illegal drugs, but also other serious crimes including extortion, fraud, identity theft, human trafficking, and living off the avails of prostitution. They routinely use violence to enforce their operations and are likely to carry weapons, especially firearms. Gangs undermine public safety and personal security. Gang-related shootings and homicides cause fear and apprehension in our communities. Gang slayings represent an increasing proportion of overall homicides, and since gang members are targets for violence in any place and at any time; they place everyone around them – even innocent Carganians– at risk. They also threaten to rob Cargan’s youth of productive, healthy and happy futures. Gangs actively recruit our children and youth, especially those facing challenges such as mental illness, addictions, behavioral disorders, abuse or prolonged mistreatment, and those who are marginalized or socially excluded due to race, gender or socio-economic status....

References: Bibliography
1. Baccaglini, W.F. (1993). Project Youth Gang-Drug Prevention: A Statewide Research Study
2. Braga, A. and Kennedy, D. (2002). Reducing gang violence in Boston
3. Goldstein, H. (1990), problem-oriented policing New York. Mc Graw Hill
4. Kennedy, D., Piehl, A, and Braga, A. (1996). Youth violence in Boston: gun markets, serious youth violence, and a use reduction strategy, law and contemporary problems. Vol. 59 No.1, pp. 147-196
5. Ministry of social transformation, Antigua and Barbuda
6. Scott H. Decker, Ph.D (2008). Strategies to address crime
7. Spergel, Irving A. (1995). The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach. Oxford University
8. Spergel, Irving A. (2007). Reducing Youth Gang Violence: The Little Village Gang Project in Chicago. Altamira Press.
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