Gangs in the Prisons

Topics: Gang, Bloods, Crips Pages: 6 (1618 words) Published: July 20, 2013
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Gangs in the Prison System

By Jinja Jones

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Gangs in the Prison System

By Jinja Jones

INF 103 Computer Literacy
Instructor: Lambert Fooks
March 4, 2013
INF 103 Computer Literacy
Instructor: Lambert Fooks
March 4, 2013

Table of Contents

1. What are Gangs? When did gangs come into existence?

2. How do gangs finance/support their groups?

3. Different types of Gangs in the Prison system

4. Percentage of Gangs in Prisons

5. Safety measures in the Prison systems against gangs

6. Summary of gangs in my own words

7. References

Abstracts

In this paper I will explore what is a gang, when they came into existence, different types of gangs, and the safety and security of prison gangs in the jails. I became very interested in this topic after working as a Correctional Officer in the Burlington County Correctional Facility.

What are Gangs? When did Gangs come into existence?
Within our Facility there isn’t a Security Threat Group (STG) or Intelligence Officers, so a lot of times these gang members come in undetected. That is a threat to the security of the prison. As an Officer I would like to change this.gs Gangs are organized groups of criminals in the Prison System which want protection from other inmates and groups, so they became known for their vicious and violent ways against other inmates to gain power and control. These gangs, like street gangs can be very territorial in each housing unit of the prison. Prison gangs have developed and evolved in several of the U.S. prison system in 1960’s and 1970’s for a number of reasons. Probably the most common are for protection and control (Valdez, A., 2009). They are responsible for a large amount of criminal activity in prisons. Activities such as drugs, contraband smuggling (contraband is anything not in its original form and is illegal-for example, toilet paper rolls made into headphones, plastic spoon sharpened to a shank, etc.), assault (inmate-on-inmate, inmate-on-staff), staff corruption and rule violations can create serious management problems that extend beyond the facility into the community (Marchese J., 2009) . Once it travels into the community street level gangs, state prison gang members carry a great deal of power, respect and influence. As such, most street-gang members will honor and pay homage to a state prison gang member. Sadly, the prison gang influence is so strong that some street gang members aspire to become prison gang members (Valdez, A., 2009), so they go out to get themselves into trouble and get arrested.

How do Gangs finance/support their groups?
The prison gangs support themselves through a life of crime. These gangs, especially prison gangs turn to drug smuggling, theft, laundering money, kidnapping and killing for money. They also use their women as prostitutes. Different gangs make their money in different ways. Different Types of Gangs in the Prison System

There are different types of gangs in the Prison System. There are 5 gangs that are prevalent in the Prison System. They are the Bloods, Crips, Latin Kings, Neta and the Black Guerilla Family. The Bloods Gang is a street gang that’s originally known as the Piru Gang. This gang began as an anti-crip in the area of Piru Street in Compton, CA against their rivals the crips. The gang or set as they are known, originated by Sylvester Scott and Vincent Owens. Their color of chose is red. Crips is a gang that originated in Los Angeles in the mid1960’s. The word Crip comes from the word Cripple. Raymond, one of the Crip members, best friend allegedly got shot in the leg and walked with a limp. A crime victim referred to Raymond’s group’s assailant as a “Crip” instead of a “Cripple”. That is how the name came about. The original attire was khaki pants, suspenders hanging down and an earring in his left ear and a cane. This Gang...

References: 1. Marchese, J. J. (2009). Managing gangs in a correctional facility: What wardens and superintendents need to know. Corrections Today, 71(1), 44-47. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/215706569?accountid=32521
2. Valdez, A. J. (2009). Prison gangs 101. Corrections Today, 71(1), 40-43. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/215706677?accountid=32521
3. http://www.gangsorus.com/bloods_gang.htm
4. http://www.gangsorus.com/crips_bloods_history.htm
5. Washington/Baltimore high intensity drug trafficking area in Cooporation with Prince George’s & Montgomery County gang initiative. Retrieved from http://gangs.umd.edu/Gangs/BLACKGUERILLAFAMILY.aspxm
6. Specter, D, 2005. Making Prisons Safe: Strategies for Reducing Violence. Retrieved from http://law.wustl.edu/Journal/22/p125Specter.pdf
7. Dufresne, D, December. Top 10 Us Prison Gangs. Retrieved from http://listverse.com/2010/12/11/top-10-us-prison-gangs/
8. http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/2011-national-gang-threat-assessment/2011-national-gang-threat-assessment#GangsandCorrections
9. Fleisher, M. and Decker, S. (2001). Corrections Management Quarter/Winter. An Overview of the Challenge of Prison Gangs, pg. 7
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