Top-Rated Free Essay

Mussolini

Good Essays
Fascism in Italy
Mussolini was started the Fascist Party in Italy. He was expelled from the Socialist party in 1915 and he then went to fight in WWI. He was injured and returned to Italy and started a new political party, the Fascist party. The Fascists centered on an Ethnic state, in which they are all united by their heritage and looks. The Fascist party was very violent and soon spread to many areas of life in Italy. The police soon came under control by the fascists and the fascists even started their own militia. The violence increased and freedom was lessened. Secret police and assignation teams (also known as black shirts) had control of the streets. The fascists were very pro-violence, anti-democracy, and anti-communism. The Party believed in only one absolute ruler and the retraction of many freedoms. All other political parties were banned in Italy, so were labor unions. Books and papers were censored, and education was reviewed so that it would favor the fascist government. Mussolini helped the public by the use of public work camps, which gave jobs to the large number of unemployed people in Italy at the time. It also provided Italy with new and improved roadways. Fascism brought a sound economy to Italy during the Depression, but at the cost of freedoms. Benito Mussolini and the Fascist party lost popularity by siding with the Germans. Becoming allies with the Germans became unpopular when the Germans started to lose the war. Public opinion in Italy of Italy’s involvement in the war became extremely negative when the Allies invaded Italy. In April 1945 Benito Mussolini was shot and hung upside down with many of his fellow fascists. The fascist movement was made illegal after the resistance killed Benito Mussolini, and without a strong leader the Fascist party crumbled. http://www2.bbc.co.uk/education/modern/fascism/fascihtm.htm#q1 This site was a good site, it has several very informative timelines. It also explores several commonly asked questions, and answers why and how Mussolini came to power. The source also helps to define what fascism is and what it does. This site is from the point of view of the Italians and tells of the mistakes of Mussolini. This site is mostly text about fascism and Mussolini. http://www.brown.edu/Research/Journal_Modern_Italian_Studies/1.3/ This site is very professional and has their sources cited on the page. It is a research journal from Brown College and the information seems to be accurate. It is mostly text and lends more insight into how fascism gained popularity and came to power in Italy. This site also has several links on it.
Benito Mussolini Benito Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 outside the village of Predappio in the Northeastern Italian Province of Forli. Benito Mussolini had one brother and one sister, Armaldo and Edvige. He first worked for the socialist party and then was expulsed from that party because of his Pro-WWI views. He was drafted in September of 1915 and when he returned form that war he started the Fascist party. After gaining much support he demanded that King Victor Emmanuel III appoint him Prim Minister of Italy. In October 1922 he became prime minister of Italy. The fascist party then won the next election and Mussolini too over as ruler in 1925. They called him “Duce” (leader) because his title was “head of the government”. Mussolini made his image to be that of a superman, and that he was to be absolute in his power. Mussolini spread fascism to other countries. He invaded Ethiopia in 1935 and made that country a fascist colony. Mussolini allied Italy with Nazi-Germany during World War II. The Nazi party was modeled after the fascists. Many opposed this alliance and it made Mussolini unpopular with his people. Mussolini had to flee Italy, he was helped by the Germans and hid in Germany for a while. Mussolini tried to return to Italy and gain power but was overthrown in 1943 when Allied forces invaded Italy. He was shot in 1945 when he tried to flee the country. His body has then hung up to show how badly he was hated for his involvement in World War II. http://www2.bbc.co.uk/education/modern/fascism/fascihtm.htm#q1 This site offers a timeline of Mussolini’s acts as ruler and his rise to power. The source has an objective point of view and states many facts. This site was made to educate people about Mussolini’s life; there is text on his life and a few pictures of Mussolini. It shows the positive things he did, such as jobs and the elimination of unemployment, and the negative ones, such as censorship and the elimination of political parties other than fascism. It also has links to other sites on fascism. http://www.euronet.nl/users/wilfried/ww2/mussolin.htm This site is a biography of the Italian dictator covering the rise of Italian fascism in between the wars and the period of fascist dictatorship. It offers much information on the entire life of Mussolini. It is useful if you would like to learn more about the dictator. This is another excellent site to learn about the life of Mussolini. It has only two pages of text all about Mussolini, it was written as a report on his life and it emphases his life as an adult and is short and to the poin

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Mussolini

    • 2127 Words
    • 9 Pages

    did Benito Mussolini manage Italian affairs between 1922 and 1945? (Refer to achieving and consolidating control, political economy, Italian affairs, foreign policy.) Benito Mussolini was born in 1883. In 1912 he became editor of the Avanti (a socialist newspaper.) In 1914 Mussolini left the socialist party over his pro-war views and formed his own newspaper ‘Il Popolo d’italia. In 1919 he formed the Fascist Party the ‘Fascio di Combattiemento’. The reasons for the rise of Mussolini are as follows:…

    • 2127 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Benito Mussolini

    • 2536 Words
    • 11 Pages

    Mussolini: A Hero or A Traitor? Was Mussolini good or bad for Italy? Rowen Carlo Mallari Ms Dawn Goosen Humboldt Collegiate Institute History 20 (Period 2) December 08, 2011 Benito Mussolini, a hero who saved Italy when it was in need of a strong leader. A man who restored hope and united Italians to rise up for their country. The youngest prime minister of Italy who wanted the best for his own beloved country. A nationalistic man…

    • 2536 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mussolini Questions

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Mussolini key points and answers Explain why Mussolini was appointed as Prime Minister in October 1922. • Liberal Italy had failed to win over the Italian nation – post-war debt of 85 million Lire, the Mutilated Settlement, failure to deal with Fiume and 5 different Prime Ministers since 1917 – people turned to extremists as an alternative, such as the Fascists • fear of communism by the Middle and Upper Classes in Italy after the Bienno Rosso and increasing left-wing action – Mussolini…

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Benito Mussolini

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Benito Mussolini Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 in Predappio, Italy. His father was a blacksmith which meant Mussolini lived in the poor areas of Italy. He was named Benito after Mexican socialist reformer Benito Juarez. Because of how much his father was into socialism, Mussolini himself became a socialist further in his life. He became a teacher for a while but in 1902, left Italy to go live in Switzerland. This move of his was to avoid army service. While in Switzerland…

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Benito Mussolini

    • 577 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) Benito Mussolini was the fascist dictator of Italy for nearly 20 years. Benito was born at Dovia, a suburb of Predappio, in the northcentral part of Italy. His father, Alessando, was a blacksmith. And his mother, Rosa, was a schoolteacher. As a young man, Mussolini was a Socialist with revolutionary tendencies. He was expelled from 2 schools and later was in trouble with the authorities several times. In 1912 he became editor of the Socialist newspaper…

    • 577 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Benito Mussolini

    • 2115 Words
    • 9 Pages

    On July 29th of 1883, the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, was born. He was born in Dovia di Predappio, a small town in Italy to parents Alessandro and Rosa Mussolini; he was the eldest of the three siblings. Benito’s father was a blacksmith and socialist while his mother was a Catholic school teacher. Benito’s father had a great influence on his son’s ideologies. Benito and his father spent a lot of time together during his youth while he helped in blacksmithing and during this time is when he…

    • 2115 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Benito Mussolini

    • 940 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Benito Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 in Predappio. The son of a blacksmith he was largely self-educated. He became a schoolteacher and a socialist journalist in northern Italy. In 1910 he married Rachele Guidi who bore his five children. Mussolini was jailed in 1911 for his opposition to Italy's war in Libya. Soon after his release in 1912 he became editor of the socialist newspaper in Milan, "Avanti!". When WWI began in 1914 Mussolini advocated…

    • 940 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Benito Mussolini

    • 510 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Benito Mussolini Born in Predappio Forli Italy on July 29th 1883. Died April 28th 1945 in Giulino di Mezzegra Italy at the Age of 61. Slide 2 Benito Mussolini got his name from the Mexican Revolutionary Benito Juarez Benito’s mother Rosa was a elementary school teacher. Early in Benito’s life, he looked up to his father Alessandro who was a blacksmith, and was actively involved in the local politics. Benito helped his father work as a blacksmith, and in doing so, he gained many of his father’s…

    • 510 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mussolini Dictatorship

    • 288 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Once they removed political opposition thanks to his secret police and the outlawing of labor strikes, Mussolini and his followers solidified their power through laws that was able to transform the nation into a one-party dictatorship. Within the time of five years, Mussolini had established his dictatorship by both legal and by extraordinary means. The United States have rules and regulations in place that wouldn’t allow this but they can be overturned by the will of the people vested in the hands…

    • 288 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Controlling all the organs of government, Mussolini set about constructing a totalitarian state in Italy that would dominate every aspect of national life. II Duce, as Mussolini was styled, proclaimed the doctrine of "everything within the state, nothing against the state, nothing outside the state," including professional and labor associations, youth groups, and sports organizations. Political partiesÑother than the FascistsÑwere suppressed. The press and court system were cowed. Strikes were made…

    • 220 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays