Preview

Multiple Intelligences

Better Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1253 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Multiple Intelligences
Multiple Intelligences
Stacy Bowers
General Psychology/300
May 31, 2010
Dr. James Bell

Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the theory of multiple intelligences developed by Howard Gardner. It will be discussing three intelligences; Bodily-Kinesthetic, Logical-Mathematical, and Interpersonal. This paper will also take a look at how each of these three personalities can have an impact on personal success. Illustrations of this discussion are used throughout Chapter 8: Intelligence in the book Psychology (5th edition) and in other articles of the same reference.

Multiple Intelligences
In 1983, Howard Gardner, a Harvard University professor, changed the way people perceive intelligence and learning with his theory of Multiple Intelligences. Intelligence is an ability to solve problems or fashion products that are useful in a particular cultural setting or community. Gardner believed that there are at least eight intelligences possessed by all people, and that every person has developed some intelligence more fully than others. According to this theory, when you find a task or subject easy, you are probably using a more fully developed intelligence. Using a less developed intelligence is considered when you have trouble. “The theory distinguishes eight kinds of intelligence: musical, bodily/kinesthetic, spatial, linguistic or verbal, logical/mathematical, naturalist, intrapersonal, and interpersonal. Gardner argues that intelligences can be isolated based on a number of criteria, including their neurological independence, the presence of savants (who are severely deficient in major intellectual respects but have pockets of giftedness), and their different developmental courses. Someone could be a brilliant mathematician but inhabit the lowest percentiles of interpersonal intelligence.” (Kowalski & Western, 2009.) To learn successfully, one would need to maximize their strengths and compensate for the weaknesses.
Bodily-Kinesthetic



References: Kowalski, R. & Western, D. (2009). Psychology (5th ed.) Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Theories of Intelligence

    • 645 Words
    • 3 Pages

    There will be four theories of intelligence discussed throughtout this essay. First, Charles Spearman theorized that intelligence had two factors that he labeled as “g” and “s” (Rathus, 2013, p. 174). It is from these two factors that that his model for intelligence is derived. His theory is based off of general intelligence and specific intelligence. Secondly, there is Howard Gardner and his theory delved more into the idea of there being, more than one intelligences. Rathus (2013) states, “ Gardner refers to each kind of intelligence in his theory as an intelligence, because they can differ so much” (174-175). He thought almost everything a person did had a relationship with their intelligence. For instance, a person 's language learning ability, musical talents, and mathematical reasoning were all separate intelligences (Rathus, 2013, p. 175). Next, Robert Sternberg, approach to human intelligence differed from the previous two. His theory was that of three abilities: analytical, creative, and practical intelligence (Rathus, 2013, p. 175). In his theory, analytical intelligence is strictly critical thinking and problem-solving. Creative thinking is more situational awareness and a person’s flexibility towards different problems. Practical intelligence is dealing with other people and adaptive behavior (Rathus, 2013, p. 175). Finally, there were two psychologists, Peter Salovey and John Mayer, that…

    • 645 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    In A Rounded Version: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Howard Gardner introduces the idea of seven different intelligences, combating the idea of contemporary intelligence. Gardner defines the contemporary view of intelligence as, an individual 's intelligence test score based on his or her age with no regard to experience or training. In his words, "It is an inborn attribute or faculty of the individual." Gardner defines MI as a multiplication of the contemporary view, but with added emphasis on an individual 's ability to problem solve, or create a solution to a problem. Gardner 's 7 MI 's are Linguistic, logical, Mathematical, Spatial, Musical, Bodily Kinesthetic, Interpersonal and Intrapersonal. Each MI is paired with an example of an individual who displays in abundance the specific intelligence being discussed. Gardner discusses the idea that most intelligence 's are paired. In other words, a professional football athlete would most likely (in addition to his Bodily Kinesthetic ability) have Spatial intelligence allowing him to be aware of the opponents and team members around him. Gardner 's main reason to choose the intelligences he and his team did, in his words was, "We have begun with the problems that humans solve and worked back to the "intelligences" that must be responsible." Gardner concludes that while intelligences can work alone and independent of other intelligences, most of the time they work as a collection of aptitudes.…

    • 275 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    In 1983 a professor of education at Harvard University, Dr. Howard Gardner, developed the theory of multiple intelligences. This theory states that there are eight different ways in which a person is intelligent. These different forms of intelligence are as follows: linguistic, or word smart; logical-mathematic, or reasoning/numbers smart; spatial, or picture smart; bodily-kinesthetic, or body smart; musical, or music smart; intrapersonal, or self-smart; and naturalist, or nature smart (“Multiple Intelligences” para. 1-2). It is not difficult to pinpoint which of these intelligences standardized testing primarily measures. For students who are not linguistically or mathematically gifted, the tests do not accurately show the students’…

    • 581 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    It’s easy to see that people think and learn differently, but Howard Gardner of Harvard University has gone deeper and farther with that idea than any have before. According to his Multiple Intelligences Theory, there are nine different intelligences. These intelligences describe how people think and learn, and everyone is a unique blend of all nine learning styles. You may lean towards one or two, but you still use all of them, often at the same time. These intelligences are Verbal-Linguistic, Logical-Mathematical, Musical, Visual-Spatial, Existential, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Naturalistic, Interpersonal and Intrapersonal. People who are strong in different intelligences learn best different ways, and Gardner has said that he thinks schools only…

    • 1210 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences utilizes aspects of cognitive and developmental psychology, anthropology, and sociology to explain the human intellect. Although Gardner had been working towards the concept of Multiple Intelligences for many years prior, the theory was introduced in 1983, with Gardner's book, Frames of Mind.…

    • 2102 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    In this essay, Multiple Intelligences and Emotional Intelligence those writers David Miller Sadker and Myra Pollack Sadker claims that intelligent test is not mental for it is cultural. “Some of us grew up in communities where IQ was barely mentioned.”(p77)The world intelligence does not have universal meaning. In one culture doing something is taken as intelligent task whereas the something turns — to be valueless for the other. Therefore instead of single intelligence there are multiple intelligences. Traditionally I.Q. test were taken as the measurement of a person’s achievements. The higher the score, the greater the person was those people who not score a good marks in I.Q. could test they were considered as disqualified in the field of education. However those people falling in I.Q.’s could make a better future investing their life in other field. Thus the concept the success connected with. I.Q. test was contested. Moreover the people who score good marks in I.Q.’s were found useless in other fields. As a result what was the intelligence was upon questioned. Addressing the difficult situation Haward Gardner propounded eight type of intelligences and named them as multiple intelligences. According to gardner “The capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural settings is non as multiple intelligences. According to him: 1. Logical-mathematical, it enables a person to make his career as a scientist or mathematician. 2. Linguistic: That enables to be a poet, journalist or author. 3. Bodily Kinesthetic: That enables a person to be a dancer or a surgeon. 4. Musical: Which enables to be a musician or composer. 5. Spatial: That enables a person to be a navigator, engineer or painter. 6. Interpersonal: Which test a person to be psychologist or a teacher. 7. Intrapersonal – leading a person to be self-aware. 8.…

    • 581 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    The purpose of this paper is to explore Howard Gardner’s theory on multiple intelligences. I will focus on spatial and bodily-kinesthetic intelligences and how linguistic intelligence has an underlying effect on the other intelligences. Spatial and bodily-kinesthetic intelligences would seem to be very distant from linguistic intelligence, however I believe that they are more similar then one might expect.…

    • 1298 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Multiple Intelligences

    • 1221 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Human beings all have a list of skills and devices that are used in our everyday lives so we can solve different kinds of problems that we deal with. People use multiple intelligences since the day they were born into this world. We have never thought about how we use them in our daily lives because they are used naturally. Gardner defines intelligence as "the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural setting". Using biological as well as cultural research, he formulated a list of seven intelligences. The seven intelligences include interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, musical intelligence, linguistic intelligence, spatial intelligence, logical intelligence, and mathematical intelligence.…

    • 1221 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Analyzing Piaget's Theory

    • 367 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Gardner provides a theory of multiple intelligences states people have nine different types of intelligences. In addition, people express these intelligences in different ways and different strategies. In addition,…

    • 367 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Multiple Intelligence

    • 1921 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Thesis: Multiple Intelligences is a theory about the brain that says human beings are born with a single intelligence, that cannot be changed, and is measurable by a psychologist. This research paper aimed to give readers comprehensive information about the different kinds of intelligence namely: Spatial; Linguistic; Logical-mathematical; Bodily-kinesthetic; Musical; Interpersonal; Intrapersonal; and Naturalistic.…

    • 1921 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    In life, people get trapped in work environments where they are not genuinely happy. They stay committed to the same line of work because it is what they are accustomed to; where they are considered family and in some cases, where they have even spent decades dedicating themselves to another man’s dream, whilst neglecting their own dreams. Many people are not able to identify their true Intelligences, let alone realising that they could have more than one Intelligence. The Twelfth Edition “Becoming A Master Student” by Dave Ellis has identified the various Intelligences of mankind. “Becoming A Master Student” has eight Intelligences listed and of the eight, I can relate to three (Mathematical/Logical, Visual/Spatial and Intrapersonal.)…

    • 847 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Pritchard, A. (2008). Ways of Learning [electronic resource]: Learning Theories and Learning Styles in the Classroom. Hoboken, NJ: David Fulton Publishers.…

    • 1286 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Multiple Inteligence

    • 654 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Using multiple intelligence to assess my own intelligence turned out to be a very interesting exercise. I have never used this assessment before, and it enabled me to get a better perspective on areas that I have strengths in and areas that I am at my weakest. According to my computation of the scores in each section, I scored the highest in kinesthetic and intrapersonal intelligence, and the lowest with a score of six in three areas; naturalist, musical and existential intelligence.…

    • 654 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Multiple Intelligences

    • 1007 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Howard Gradner distinguishes eight domains of ability in his theory of multiple intelligences. Briefly discuss each of these intelligences and explain how you will apply any four of them in your classroom.…

    • 1007 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    “I believe that the brain has evolved over millions of years to be responsive to different kinds of content in the world. Language content, musical content, spatial content, numerical content, etc.” (Dr. Howard Gardner, Brainy Quote). You are intelligent, believe it. You are unique, embrace it. According to Dr. Howard Gardner a psychologist and a researcher at Harvard University, there are eight multiple intelligences and everyone can identify themselves with them. Those are: Visual Spatial, Intrapersonal, Bodily- Kinesthetic, Naturalist, Linguistic, Logical-Mathematical, Musical, and Interpersonal Intelligences. While there are people intelligent in areas equal or different than others, everyone is smart and weak at something, and this is what defines a person. According to “A Multiple Intelligence Inventory” I am highly intelligent in the Musical and Linguistic area, but I also have a weakness: Naturalist, which I plan to strengthen.…

    • 890 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays