May 31, 2010
Dr. James Bell
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the theory of multiple intelligences developed by Howard Gardner. It will be discussing three intelligences; Bodily-Kinesthetic, Logical-Mathematical, and Interpersonal. This paper will also take a look at how each of these three personalities can have an impact on personal success. Illustrations of this discussion are used throughout Chapter 8: Intelligence in the book Psychology (5th edition) and in other articles of the same reference.
In 1983, Howard Gardner, a Harvard University professor, changed the way people perceive intelligence and learning with his theory of Multiple Intelligences. Intelligence is an ability to solve problems or fashion products that are useful in a particular cultural setting or community. Gardner believed that there are at least eight intelligences possessed by all people, and that every person has developed some intelligence more fully than others. According to this theory, when you find a task or subject easy, you are probably using a more fully developed intelligence. Using a less developed intelligence is considered when you have trouble. “The theory distinguishes eight kinds of intelligence: musical, bodily/kinesthetic, spatial, linguistic or verbal, logical/mathematical, naturalist, intrapersonal, and interpersonal. Gardner argues that intelligences can be isolated based on a number of criteria, including their neurological independence, the presence of savants (who are severely deficient in major intellectual respects but have pockets of giftedness), and their different developmental courses. Someone could be a brilliant mathematician but inhabit the lowest percentiles of interpersonal intelligence.” (Kowalski & Western, 2009.) To learn successfully, one would need to maximize their strengths and compensate for the weaknesses. Bodily-Kinesthetic
Someone who has the ability to use the physical body skillfully and to take in knowledge through bodily sensation, coordination or working with hands, is considered to posses bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. People with Kinesthetic intelligence love movement. They enjoy sports and/or dance. They are good at building things and like to stay active. They have good motor skills and are very aware of their bodies. They learn best through movement and experimentation. People with bodily kinesthetic learning styles learn best when they are permitted to use their tactile senses and fine and gross motor movement as part of the learning process. They often prefer direct involvement with material they are learning than worksheets or reading from a book. Bodily kinesthetic learners understand and remember material longer when they use it in an active way. “The bodily kinesthetic learner may be drawn to careers such as professional dancer, athletic coach or trainer, aerobics instructor, artist in painting, sculpture, or woodworking, factory work with moving systems, postal carrier, emergency rescue worker, fire fighter or police officers, or military.”(FamilyEducation.com) For this learner to be successful, they must utilize their abilities such as, connecting their mind and body, controlling movement, improving their body functions, expanding their body awareness to all senses, and coordinating their body movement. Logical-Mathematical
A person that has the intelligence to understand logical reasoning and problem solving such as; math, science, patterns, and sequences, has logical-mathematical intelligence. This learner has the ability to reason, use abstract information, and analyze the cause and effect of relationships. “They are typically methodical and think in logical or linear order. They may be adept at solving math problems in their heads and are drawn to logic puzzles and games.”(Wikipedia.org) “People with logical mathematical learning styles enjoy school activities...
References: Kowalski, R. & Western, D. (2009). Psychology (5th ed.) Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
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