(World Bank Classification, 2012)We live in a fast world, everyday is a race with time, and everybody is speeding through life. In order to spare a few more minutes to reach the desired destination, a life threatening danger awaits drivers, that is motor vehicle accidents. Motor vehicle accidents occur everywhere at anytime. In order to understand the result that causes deaths on motor vehicle users, three areas of analysis should be considered. These areas are magnitude, distribution and determinants of motor vehicle accidents. A factor that can lead to an increase in the awareness behind motor vehicle accidents is the comparison of a high-income country to a middle-income country. Not to mention that the main reason behind MVA’s is speeding. Interventions by governments can reduce fatalities due to this critical risk factor.
The amounts of deaths that occur in the world because of motor vehicle accidents exceed the normal rate of any other global problem. On a global measure the fatality rates are significantly on the increase. Motor vehicle accidents occur every minute of the day (USA Coverage). Therefore, the magnitude of motor vehicle accidents around the planet is above the normal scale of any global problem.
The most recurring deaths in hospital wards are caused by Ischemic heart disease, which inflicts a percentage of 12.6 percent of death rates each year (World Health Organization, 2009). On the other hand, deaths affected by motor vehicle accidents is a percentage of 28.5 per 100 000 population, with a percentage rate of 2.1 percent of death rates each year. (World Health Organization, 2009). These figures show the severity of motor vehicle accidents, and how important it is to decrease the amount of deaths per annum.
(National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2004)
In the contrary, road traffic injuries and fatalities are on the rise. According to the (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2004) deaths caused by diseases and other injuries in 2002 were categorized into 10 rankings. The ranking for Road Traffic Injuries was the 10th on the world. In comparison to year 2030, the statistics show that the ranking of road traffic injuries and deaths will rise to the 8th rank on a global perspective.
The distribution of deaths and injuries in accidents is determined by several factors such as: the type of road users, sex, age and time. Taking to account that there are fatal motor accidents in every country and in every day. Pedestrians are more at risk by this issue than drivers. According to an article that evaluated the accidents that appeared in India. Road users who are affected the most by motor vehicle accidents were pedestrians. (Dr.Singh & Dhattarwal, 2004)
Furthermore, the article made by (Dr.Singh & Dhattarwal, 2004) suggests that males are affected by motor crashes more than females. The death ratio by motor vehicle accidents in males to females is 9:1. The article also reveals that young adult age groups dominate motor vehicle accidents. According to (World Health Organization, 2009), the age group that is more at risk by motor vehicle accidents are aged from 15-29 years. Ranked 1st on the leading causes of deaths to that age group.
(World Health Organization, 2009)
Moreover, the distributions of motor vehicle accidents occur in some seasons more than others. According to (Spasova, 2012) car accidents increased from the months October to December. This article illustrates the amount of deaths that occur in the weather seasons in (Sofia, Bulgaria) while in other seasons road accidents slightly decrease. Therefore, the time of the season affects the numbers of accidents.
There are lots of determinants that are responsible for Motor Vehicle Accidents around the world, especially in middle or low-income countries. Whether it was a social or an environmental and or a behavioral...
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World Bank Classification
World Health Organization. (2009). Global Status report on road safety. World Health Organization.
Dr.Singh, H., & Dhattarwal, S. K. (2004). PATTERN AND DISTRIBUTION OF INJURIES IN FATAL ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN ROHTAK (HARYANA. Indian Academy Of Forensic Medicine , 20-23.
DriveSteady. (2011, August 23). Shocking Teen Driving Statistics. Retrieved April 7, 2013, from Drive Steady: http://drivesteady.com/teen-driving-statistics
Joffe-Walt, B. (2010, 3 15). Saudi Arabia Has the Highest Road Accident Death Toll in the World. Retrieved 3 17, 2010, from Green Prophet: http://www.greenprophet.com/2010/03/saudi-arabia-death-toll-driving/
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Spasova, Z. B. (2012). Monthly and Seasonal Distribution of Road Accidents in Sofia. Balgaria: National Center of Public Health and Analyses .
Stead, M., Tag, S., MacKintosh, A. M., & Eadie, D. (2004). Development and evaluation of a mass media Theory of Planned Behaviour intervention to reduce speeding. HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH , 20 (1.2500), 36-50.
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