MONTESSORI SYSTEM OF EDUCATION AND ITS IMPACT ON REAL LIFE
ISHRAT-UN-NISSA ASHIQ ALI VERTEJEE
B.Com (Karachi University), 1989
Montessori Diploma (A.M.I.), 2002
B.Ed. (Indus University), 2012
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF EDUCATION
GULSHAN CAMPUS, KARACHI, PAKISTAN
Education is considered as the back bone of any Society. Montessori System of Education plays a vital role in the overall development of the child according to the Laws of Nature. The main aim of this study is to conclude the importance of Montessori Method of Education on pre-primary school children. There are three types of Early Childhood Education System in the world. They are KINDERGARTEN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION, MONTESSORI SYSTEM OF EDUCATION AND EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION SYSTEM. But the Montessori System of Education is completely unique in itself. During the first six years of child education, learning and development process is much faster than that of the adolescence age and the same learning will become the base for future education & for the rest of the life. The Montessori Materials are designed scientifically for meeting the needs of young ones on the basis of LAWS OF NATURE. This system emphasis on activity based learning through a series of spontaneous activities and the same will help the child to develop the personality as a whole. It focuses on the Montessori principles, role of the adult, Montessori tools used in the children houses. Key words:
Montessori method of education , Montessori Teaching Techniques, Pre-School Education System , Didactic Materials , Development of Language Skills , Development of Social Skills, Grace & Courtesy Skills. INTRODUCATION
As we all know that the Education is the backbone of any society. It gives us awareness, understanding, and know-how about everything. Through education one can realize about the rights of another citizen, peaceful living, healthy environment and lastly, but not the least creating better and fruitful atmosphere for everyone. Therefore, it is necessary to know about the right path on which one should move on to become a perfect citizen of the society. For providing better learning environment for the early learners, meaningful education along with experimental activities play a vital role in the overall development of the children on the basis of laws of nature which develops the whole personality of the young ones. Montessori Method was being introduced by Dr. Maria Montessori. She designed this method for fulfilling the needs of young learners as per the laws of nature. Because according to her, the child is the creator of man and no one has worked much for him. But she spent all of her life on the developmental needs of young learners. Her view point belonged to the fact that the child has to do lots of work for becoming a responsible citizen of the society & there should be the rights of the child in such a way that there are the rights of the citizens or the rights of the labor or labor laws are defined but no one has worked on the rights of the child. And she was the one who did this. She did lots of observations and on the basis of her observations & experience, she designed her method. Dr. Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870 at the time when woman was only considered to be the adornment of house. Her father was a government officer .Due to her excellent academic record, her family, seeing a good teacher in her, moved from Rome to Ancona. She was not interesting in becoming a teacher but she had the aptitude for mathematics and engineering. Despite of all the objections, she took the admission in a boy’s technical school in order to pursue her interest. Gradually she found interest in biology. In order to fulfill this passion she would like to be the doctor, against the norms of that society. And at last she did it. And...
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