M1- Assess the biomedical and socio- medical models of health.
Models of Health
The Biomedical of health reduces the number of premature mortality and morbidity numbers. The model is used to show people what parts of the body can work together to ensure we have good health. It searches for a fault and corrects it for the individual. The models looks at the body as a machine, if something is faulty then they fix it so it can work again. This is mainly used in the western area of the world. The model is popular because the treatment is cheap, it has the use of scientific methods, the knowledge from the experts is used to reach a conclusion on what the fault is of the individual and the health of the public has got better. The main focus is to find the treatment for the disease instead of finding a way to prevent the disease. The biomedical model’s view of health supports the National Health Service (NHS) via their policies and practices. Not a lot of concern is given to the environmental factors and social factors that may have caused the illness. The biomedical model of health links really well with the functionalist perspective because they say illness doesn’t work well for society. The strengths of the biomedical model of health is
The Socio- medical model of health focuses on the social factors that subsidize to health and wellbeing of the society like poor housing, poverty, pollution and all those things that change a person’s health. This model searches for where the problem is arising from via environment or the way the individual lives i.e poverty. The research has stated that the life expectancy has risen and death rates have fallen due to the change and improvement of sanitation, housing and free NHS treatment except Dental treatment and glasses. This model says the individual may not be the cause for the illness but their location. The socio- medical model goes well with the conflict theorists than the functionalists.
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